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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 55, No.5, October-November 1964"

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VOL. 55— NO. 5 — 35 CENTS 

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First Annual Exhibition of Ornamental Plants 

Southern California Horticultural Institute, Inc. 

3 Saturday, 1-5 p.m. SANTA MONICA CIVIC 

4 Sunday, 10 a.m. - 6 p.m. AUDITORIUM 


Theme: "Wonderful World of Wood" 

10 Saturday, 1-5 p.m. FLORAL BUILDING 

11 Sunday, 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. BALBOA PARK 

For details see page 7 


Show: "Fall Fantasy" Chairman, Mrs. Clarence W. Benson 

Pacific Beach Garden Club 

7 Saturday, 2-5 p.m. COMMUNITY CLUB HOUSE 

8 Sunday, 10 a.m. - 4 p.m. GRESHAM and DIAMOND STS. 

Second Cultural Symposium 

Los Angeles Garden Club 

9 Monday, 9:30 a.m. - 4 p.m. HUNTINGTON-SHERATON 

Lectures and Luncheon 




"Holiday Arrangements" by Tat Shinno 

Benefit by the San Diego Floral Association 

Saturday, 12:30 p.m. VACATION VILLAGE 

(Sold out last year) MISSION BAY PARK 

For tickets call 232-5762 Floral Building, M-W-F, 10-3 

Flower Arrangement Classes at the Floral Building, Balboa Park 
For Information Call Mrs. Roland Hoyt, Chairman, 296-2757 

1. Arts and Crafts Class, 10 a.m. First and Third Tuesdays. 
Instructor: Mrs. Arthur Mitchell. 

2. Flower Arrangement Demonstration Class, 9:30 a.m. 

Last Monday of each month. 
Instructor: Mrs. J. R. Kirkpatrick. 

3. Ikebana Class, 10 a.m. Second and Fourth Wednesday. 

Instructor: Mrs. Ralph Canter 

Take a beautiful ride along the ocean to 

<JJe <J~ic 

aan s 


Licensed Landscape Contractors 

• Rare Tropicals 

• Color in all seasons 

• Indoor and potted plants 

material on the West Coast 
We give S&H green sfamps 

1680 Highway 10 




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(add $1 for foreign postage) 


Ba'bsa Park 

San Diego, Calif. 92101 

Please enter my subscription: 

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il Octeuel - TloOemoel 




Cooler nights and more moderate 
daytime temperatures are with us now. 
By this time the first planting of cool- 
season annuals should be in and grow- 
ing: in sunny areas stock, snapdragons, 
calendulas, Iceland poppies, English 
daisies and candytuft; in shadier spots 
cinerarias, the various primroses (Eng- 
lish, fairy, Chinese and German), 
mimulus, cornflowers, violas and pan- 
sies. And don't forget the many an- 
nuals which are planted the year 
around in most of our areas: petunias, 
alyssum, scarlet flax, lobelia, dwarf 
phlox and other favorites. 

Especially important is the reminder 
to plant perennials this fall for pro- 
duction next year: coral bells, the 
various Shasta daisies, columbine, del- 
phinium, campanula, penstemon, co- 
reopsis and gaillardias. Among peren- 
nials, too, is a long list that can be 
planted any time of the year, including 
Marguerites, agatheas, gerberas, vinca, 
the favorite English violets, hardier 
begonias, statice, carnations and the 
other dianthus types, rooted cuttings 
of impatiens in frost-free areas, and 

While on the subject of peren- 
nials, and to supplement recent articles 
in Sunset magazine and the L.A. Times 
garden columns, there are a number of 
rewarding perennials which have been 
proven for our areas by collectors and 
the more adventurous gardeners, and 
which are available in any extreme 
from seeds to gallon cans in nurseries. 
Included would be Anpelonia erandi- 

o o 

flora, colorful and with the fragrance 
of crushed grapes; many of the 
Oenotheras, the sundrop family, most- 
ly with yellow buttercup flowers over 
half the year; Thalictrum dipterocar- 
pum or Meadowrue with its fern-like 
foliage and tall spires of delicate 
orchid florets almost floating in the 
air; Japanese anemone, both pink and 
white, with lush basal foliage and 
sprays of blossoms over many months 
either in sun or shade; Stokes/a laeris, 
or Stokes aster, which Dr. Edward 

Hashinger has kept in constant sky- 
blue bloom in La Jolla year after year; 
dimorphotheca hybrids now available 
in butter yellow, pink and lavender in 
addition to the familiar frosty-white 
we have known; geum, the rewarding 
native, now in hybrid forms that will 
tolerate garden culture; Gaura lind- 
heimeri (which needs to be supplied 
with an attractive common name by 
some imaginative gardener) with its 
sprays of white florets over 6 to 8 
months of the year; and the tall- 
growing lavender-flowered dusty mill- 
er with finely-cut foliage and debat- 
able botanical nomenclature, but with 
dependable performance in sun or 
shade, heavy soils or light, and with 
much or little water. 

Too late to help disappointed fu- 
chsia lovers in the season just ending, 
but we feel worthwhile to repeat from 
an earlier column — the new species of 
water mold that is raising Cain with 
fuchsias in Southern California can 
easily be controlled. If your fuchsias 
have been dying back, if the foliage 
has been rotting or yellowing and 
dropping, and you've checked and 
can't assign the blame to red spider or 
white fly, then a check of the root 
system doubtless will show a form of 
root rot that's new to our area. And 
luckily we know the answer. The Shell 
Oil Company has introduced a soil 
fungicide with the designation ST 345 
which controls an extremely wide 
range of harmful soil fungus organ- 
isms, including the fuchsia water 
mold. It is not available in consumer 
packages as yet, but if you're having 
this problem take the trouble to pester 
a fuchsia grower in your area to do- 
nate a tiny medicine bottle of the 
compound. Otherwise, some mercury 
compounds used as a soil drench seem 
to be of help, especially when a deter- 
gent is added to assist in penetration. 

The fall bulb season is at its height 
and in addition to the plentiful sup- 
plies of familiar bulbs to be found in 
nurseries there are a few which might 


VOLUME 55 NO. 5 


Wonderful World of Wood 

Alary Jane Hershey 7 

Native Plants Around Padre Dam 

Chauncy I. Jerabek 10 

Musings on Street Trees 

Alice Mary Rain ford 14 

Kate Sessions Park Memorial 15 

Rare Specimens on Torrey 

Pines Mesa 

Dr. T. W. Whitaker 16 

The Tipuana Tree -.18 

House Plants as Yule Gifts 

Mill/ cent Vandekamp 19 

Redwood Forest Story 20 

House of "Sin" 

Fred G. Frost _ 28 



Gardener's October-November 

Ed Ogden 3 

Our Contributors and Readers 5 

Garden Tours for Members 6 

Roland Hoyt Recommends 

Pyrus calleryana ..13 

50 Years Ago 14 

Book Reviews 

Alice Mary Greer 18 

Calendar of Care ....21 

Orchids Camellias Dahlias 

Fuchsias Roses Begonias 

Cacti and Succulents 

SDFA Programs and Committees ..30 

Civic Center Iris Garden .30 

Garden Club Page 31 


Published Bi-Monthly by the 


Floral Association Building, Balboa Park 

Office hours: M-W-F, 10-3. Phone 232-5762 

All rights reserved. 

Advertising rates on request. 

Editor Fred G. Frost 

Assistant editor Alice M. Clark 

Advertising Joan Betts, Alice M. Clark 

Office Manager Rosalie F. Garcia 


Chauncy I. Jerabek Alice M. Greer 

Roland S. hfoyt Larry Sisk 

Byron Geer Donald A. Wilson 

William T. De France Morrison W. Doty 

Margaret M. Lee Helen Marie Steger 

Subscription $2.00 per year; Foreign coun- 
tries $3.00. California Garden is on the list 
of publications authorized by the San Diego 
Retail Merchants Association. 
Entered as second-class matter, Dec. 8, 1910 
at the Post Office at San Diego, California 
under the Act of March 3, 1879. 

be hard to find but are of especial ap- 
peal: crinum lilies and amarcrinums 
(hybrids between amaryllis and crin- 
ums) with their larger evergreen fo- 
liage and white to pink spider and 
trumpet blooms, reliable and easy to 
grow even in heavy clay soils; spreke- 
lia, the Aztec lily with its evergreen 
strap-like foliage and bloodred bloom 
similar to a slender orchid; bletilla 
(pronounced "bleeshya"), the ground- 
orchid, hardy under most conditions 
and with a long blooming period; 
giant allium, recent show-piece of flor- 
ists' exhibits, reliable for huge heads 
of coral-pink florets; veldtheimia, dor- 
mant in midsummer but with showy 
leaves and apricot to orange flower 
heads in midwinter; pancratium, the 
gardener's puzzle and despair insofar 
a > maintenance of attractive foliage 
is concerned, but easy and productive 
of large heads of light pink trumpets; 
Scilla peruviana, almost evergreen, 
with large conical heads of true blue 
flowers in late winter; and Roman 
hyacinths, rewarding to let naturalize 
in any garden situation, most produc- 
tive of loose heads of white or blue 
or pink florets in multiple clusters in 

The approach of winter calls for 
certain modifications in gardening 
practice, and wise gardeners will take 
precautions to minimize the effects of 
cold both in the air and in the soil. 
In areas subject to frost, tender plants 
may be grown satisfactorily provided 
they are hardened off in the fall and 
go into cold weather less susceptible 
to damage. Standard techniques are to 
drastically withhold water and ferti- 
lizer both to avoid tender new growth 
and to toughen existing foliage. In 
cases where frost damage is not a 
threat, low soil temperatures can do as 
much damage to subtropicals — these 
plants have not developed resistance 
to soil fungi that flourish in cold soils 
and damage root systems, and then the 
remaining roots operate at a fraction 
of normal efficiency in the cold soil. 

Best practice is to keep our sun- 
loving subtropicals as dry as possible 
(wet soil is 20° or more colder than 

when on the dry side) and to over- 
fertilize to compensate for inefficient 
root action. Well-established hibiscus, 
bougainvilleas, citrus and related sub- 
tropicals thrive on as little irrigation 
as once in 5 or 6 weeks, depending on 
soil, size of root system, and nearness 
to cooler beach climate. Another pre- 
caution: one or two early rains won't 
cause the wise gardener to change his 
irrigation practices much — it takes an 
accumulation of several inches of rain- 
fall to penetrate our soils appreciably. 

Hopefully our long pattern of sub- 
normal rainfall will be broken this 
coming rainy season, and if it happens 
there will be much rejoicing among 
long-suffering Southern California gar- 
deners. But heavy rains do bring ero- 
sion problems, which leads our thoughts 
to various bank and ground covers. 
And, further, to come innovations in 
plantings we've noticed recently, pro- 
viding interesting relief from ivies, 
strawberry, mesembryanthemums and 
the like. Asparagus sprengeri planted 
from flats makes a billowy mass, as 
tough as it is dainty, in sun or shade, 
has proven excellent for slopes, and 
has no pest problems. Grape ivy (Cis- 
sus rhomb? folium) offers a nice change 
from the true ivies with its richer tex- 
ture and easier management. Any of 
the little strawberry geraniums or saxi- 
frage we think of only as house plants 
seem to do beautifully in shady areas, 
with the runners rooting as they go 
and their different leaf patterns and 
colors offering much. Similarly, plec- 
tranthus, the Cockspur Flower, spreads 
rapidly and gives an especially lush 
effect, either in sun or shade, and 
offers an added attraction of purple 
leaf venation in colder months. The 
Rabbits-Foot fern, Davallia canariensis 
supplies a unique effect in shady areas 
with its furry rhizomes crawling along 
the ground and over rocks. Where 
a deep cover is permissible most of our 
normally arbor-type vines serve quite 
well, especially those that root as they 
go. A little imagination in ground cov- 
ers will pay dividends just as it will 
in the use of other plants — so don't 
be afraid to try something new. 

A little ahead of the season, but 
necessary if poinsettias are to be at 
their best during the holiday season — 
this colorful flower appreciates more 
water and food as it starts to color up, 
in contrast to the normal practice of 
purposeful neglect they thrive on 
through the rest of the year, and close 
attention should be given for evidence 
of spider mites that have been bother- 
ing foliage and bloom lately. 

Ed Ogden 





Blended with Deodorized 
Organic Fish Concentrate 







Blended with Deodorized 
Organic Fish Concentrate 

Specially formulated for 





— and She Usually Does 









Dear Editor: As a former editor, I 
examine each issue of California 
Garden with a hypercritical eye. I 
am happy to report that I find the ma- 
terial in the magazine consistently in- 
teresting and attractively presented. 

Especially commendable, it seems to 
me, is the garden care column by Ed 
Ogden which appears under the head- 
ing "Gardener's August-September," 
etc. Ogden writes with grace as well 
as intelligence, and with both au- 
thority and insight. He is a worthy 
addition to such California Garden 
"evergreens" as Roland Hoyt, C. I. 
Jerabek and Alice Clark. 

Happy Fifty-fifth Anniversary! 

George A. La Pointe 

(While our volume number changes 
at the beginning of the year, this maga- 
zine first appeared in October, 1909. 

Among Our Contributors 

Two Tipuana Trees 
Dear Editor: Your editorial in the 
August-September issue mentions the 
Kate Sessions Tipuana. Due to my 
local duties, I have not been able to 
find this tree in San Diego as yet. 

I would so appreciate learning its 
location and even seeing a picture of 
it in a future issue! 

Our Tipuana, planted from a gal- 
lon ^y 2 years ago is thriving on our 
acre in Valle Verde Ranch Estates. It 
bloomed profusely this Summer. It is 
about twenty feet high and even more 
than 20 in. in diameter. A joy to be- 
hold, especially to an ex-Minneapoli- 
tan who is avidly learning about Cali- 
fornia plants. Your magazine is such 
a help. 

Gratefully yours, 
Mary P. Davis 
Poway, Calif. 


A Tipuana tree, grown from a strip- 
ling planted years ago by Miss Kate 
Olivia Sessions, pioneer San Diego 
nurserywoman, can be seen on Garnet 
Avenue, about two blocks west of 
Highway 101, in Pacific Beach. 

A marker or plaque contributed by 
the Pacific Beach Woman's Club has 
been placed beside the tree which to- 
day is a memorial to the woman who 
brought so much beauty to this very 
old city. 

Strangely, as Roland Hoyt says, 
this tree is not commonly grown here 
where it does so well. 

One of our contributors this issue 
is Alice M. Rainford, who returns 
with a delightful personal article on 
street trees. Mrs. Rainford is the origi- 
nator of Rainford Florists and a 
member of the San Diego Floral Asso- 
ciation since its early days. 

Roland Hoyt, who is a Fellow of 
the American Society of Landscape 
Architects, is a regular contributor to 
this magazine. He is author of the 
book, "Ornamental Plants For Sub- 
tropical Regions." 

Always welcome to the pages of 
California Garden is San Diego's 
tree expert, Chauncy I. Jerabek. For 
this issue he has a timely article on 
the native plant life in Padre Dam, 
California's first irrigation project, 
now a landmark. 

The sage of the North San Diego 
County coast gardening area, Ed. Og- 
den, is back again, with one of his 
bi-monthly contributions to the con- 
tents page. It's about October-Novem- 
ber planting time. 

Dr. Thomas W. Whitaker, research 
geneticist with the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture, Horticultural Field Sta- 
tion, La Jolla, has written a timely 
article on native plants at the Station 
that may be destroyed in a tract move. 

Fred G. Frost, your editor, had a de- 
lightful time interviewing San Diego's 
special tree beautician, W. B. Sinjen 
under the tongue-in-cheek heading of 
"House of Sin." 

Millicent Vandekamp is the non de 
plume of a writer who is a newcomer 
to the pages of California Garden. 


Sunday, October 25, 2 to 5 p.m. 

Tour 1 — Marston Garden, Seventh 
Ave. and Upas 

Those who visited this spacious 
garden in April will welcome an op- 
portunity to enjoy it again in its 
Autumn colors. Rolling lawns and 
fine specimen trees are always a treat 
but since Miss Marston, in the last 
California Garden, told how she 
kept the patios "bright with flowers," 
members will look forward to seeing 
the results of her careful planning 
with chrysanthemums and other fall 

Tour 2 — Garden of Dr. and Mrs. 
Frederick Ayres at 3574 Seventh 

This home is further north and 
across the street from the Marston 
garden. Built and occupied for many 
years by an old-time SDFA member, 
this distinguished home has now been 
adapted to family life. The landscape 
firm of Wimmer and Yamada has re- 
tained the charm of the garden, par- 
ticularly the twisted Australian Tea 
Trees, whose shaggy trunks seem lit- 
erally to coil over the end of the wide 
brick terrace they shade and the 
ground cover of rabbit' s-foot ferns 
beneath them. 

Raised planters and a fence of dark 
wood repeat the beams of the house 
and make an easy transition to the 
modern swimming pool which is beau- 
tifully framed by a series of espal- 
iered evergreen pear trees in high 
container beds faced down with small- 
leaved ivy. The serenity obtained by 
the simple repetition of wood and 
brick, along with the greens of vines, 
shrubs and lawns, with little other 
color, is something to watch for. 


Sunday, November 22, 2 to 5 p.m. 

Tour 1 — Garden of Mrs. David J. 
Woodward at 373 San Gorgonio 

In this Point Loma garden you 
seem to be on an Italian hillside over- 
looking a lake instead of a bay. The 
house was designed in 1927 by an 
English architect for the late Mrs. 
Denslow. Her daughter, Mrs. Cary, 
planted the wisteria whose huge blue- 
gray trunks catch your attention as you 
pass through the collonaded portals. 

The imported tiles in the entrance 
court and the Moorish arches around 
it are set off by the lines of feathered 
beauty in the large podocarpus tree at 
the far end. New vistas of garden de- 
light open at every turn in the down- 
hill path that takes the visitor through 
camellias like tall hedges, ferns from 
tree size to ground covers, epiphyllums 
and begonias under lath, to an area 
for dreaming beside a small pool 
tucked in among the blues of dwarf 
amaryllis and rose-colored epiden- 

Fruit trees of all kinds, berries, 
vegetables, herbs and a rose cutting 
garden have their places up and 
around the hill. In every season there 
are plots to enjoy. All of this is pre- 
sided over by a woman who counts 
gardening as one of the most reward- 
ing of her many hobbies. Her place 
has known the touch of Miss Sessions, 
of Alfred Robinson, and of Roland 
Hoyt but it most suggests the artful 
hand of W. J. Sinjen. 

Tour 2 — Garden of W. J. Sinjen at 
4644 Long Branch Ave. 

On this hill site overlooking Ocean 
Beach you need not hunt for a house 
number. Just stop where the tall, silver 
tree graces the front yard. A most 
unusual branching eugenia tree shelters 
the entrance to the house which is 
also open to members. 

Glass walls make this small garden 
an intimate part of the home, bringing 
close-up views of bromeliads and or- 
chids on the tree trunks and other 
exotics all around. Every space speaks. 
It speaks of its owner's interest in 
and pure enjoyment of plants. Share it 
with him. 


You are invited to 
become a member of 

^J to rat ^is6oclation 

Membership includes: 

• Monthly meetings featuring 
outstanding speakers 

• A monthly Sunday afternoon 
garden tour 

• Subscription to CALIFORNIA 
GARDEN bi-monthly 

• Use of a large horticultural 

Fill in box with membership desired and 
mail with check tc 

San Diego Floral Association 
Balboa Park, San Diego I, Calif. 

Classification of Memberships: 

Individual $ 3.50 □ 

Family $ 5.50 □ 

Sustaining ..$10.00 □ 

Contributing $25.00 □ 









By Mary Jane Hershey 

Wood, weathered by wind, sun, and 
water, and the various ways in which 
it can be used will be demonstrated 
by members of the Flower Arrangers' 
Guild of San Diego in their show. 
The Wonderful World of Wood," 
scheduled for the San Diego Floral 
Association Building, Balboa Park, on 
Saturday, October 10, from 1 to 5 
p.m., and Sunday, October 11, from 
10 a.m. to 5 p.m. 

Graying wood and textured wood 
of unusual interest and beauty, wood 
containers, sculptured pieces of wood 
and accessories of wood will be used. 
Collectors' items, gathered by mem- 
bers of the guild over a period of time, 
will be displayed. Among these will 
be weathered wood from Borrego des- 
ert suggesting the appearance of a 
wide mouth marsh bird and her fledg- 
lings; driftwood from Olympic Penin- 
sula and Puget Sound's Vashon Island; 
wood covered with a parasite called 
chartreuse moss from Banner Ranch; 
a sculptured head, carved from a block 
of ifili wood from Sumatra; and ex- 
ploded wood, a parasite that grows on 
trees in Mexico and which resemble an 
exotic flower. In the patio, large pieces 
of driftwood will be featured. A dis- 
play of ceramic containers created by 
ceramist, Frank Pap worth, will be 
shown. The Banner Ranch of Julian, 
California, will be represented by a 
collection of weathered wood. 

Proceeds from this show will be do- 
nated to the planned Garden Center 
to be built in Balboa Park. The San 
Diego Floral Association, of which the 
Flower Arrangers' Guild of San Diego 
is a section, is one of the principal 
sponsors of the Garden Center. Infor- 
mation regarding this event may be 
obtained from Mrs. John Casale, pres- 
ident; Mrs. J. Wells Hershey, show 
chairman, or Mrs. L. L. Carringer, 
ticket chairman. In charge of staging 
is Mrs. Howard D. Richardson; Mrs. 
Peg White, publicity; Mrs. Orville 
Johnson, treasurer; Mrs. Ralph Canter, 

Arrangement and Photograph by Mary Jane Hershey. 

Driftwood used in this arrangement was found on a Puget Sound beach follow'ng a 
"bark tide." Washed by the sea, buffed by the wind and baked by the sun, the texture 
etched on its surfaces can never be copied by man. In th's composition the wood be- 
comes an accessory-container. Wood fern, Dryopteris marginalis and the glandiflora rose, 
"Queen Elizabeth" were combmed to offset the wood. The hurricane lamp, a family 
heirloom, loaned by friends, is reported to have been made by Paul Revere, circa 1770. 

patio exhibits; Mrs. Maisie Dodge, 
front porch exhibits; Mrs. James 
Hooker, entrance cashier; Mrs. Harry 
Cutler, hostesses, and Isamu Kawagu- 
chi, protection service. 

Amateur photographers may take 
pictures from 9 to 10 a.m. on Sunday, 
October 11. You are cordially invited 
to attend the "Wonderful World of 
Wood" Flower Arrangement Show. 


Menninger Opus About Seaside Plants 
Thrills Our Book Reviewer 


Seaside Plants of the World. Edwin 
A. Menninger, Hearthside Press, 
N.Y., 1964. 303 pages. $9-95. 

To the fore are two devotees of the 
field of horticulture that stresses wind, 
salt and sand resistant plants. Each 
devotee is making a marked impres- 
sion nationally. 

Roland Hoyt influences centers in 
Southern California that radiate to 
distant parts; Ed Menninger, on the 
other hand, infiltrates Southern Cali- 
fornia from his home base in the Mid- 
dle West and South. 

Each author -horticulturist — kindred 
spirits — holds high regard for the 
other. Menninger acknowledges Rol- 
and Hoyt in his preface remarks in 
Seaside Plants of the World. 

Roland Hoyt, recipient of the high- 
est award conferred by the American 
Society of Landscape Architects, is an 
integral part of the civic and horticul- 
tural life of Southern California. (Re- 
fer to the last issue of California 
Garden for a biographical acquaint- 
ance of R. H.) 

Ed Menninger lionizes the famous 
Menninger family, prominent in the 
field of mental therapy. His father 
distinguished himself as a naturalist 
and botany teacher. Each of his three 
sons has won laurels; two established 
the well-known Menninger Institute 
of Mental Therapy, Menninger Foun- 
dation, Kansas City. Ed entered the 
field of journalism in Florida, where 
he became especially interested in 
flowering trees. As a result he has re- 
cently given us the most significant 
work on the introduction of flowering 
trees that has been done in the United 

For 25 years he operated a thriving 
nursery business near the seashore, in 
which he grew thousands of plants 
that would enjoy salt in their diet. 

He and his family summer in the 
Carolinas, winter in Florida and hop 
all over the world between times. Be- 
sides personally operating the thriv- 
ing nursery business, he finds time to 
write exhaustively, lecture, hob-nob 
with the great horticulturists of the 
world and delve into exhaustive re- 

In the midst of this hectic career 
and partly as a result of his experi- 
mental nursery in Florida, he has 
found time to produce the finest and 
I believe, the only book, dealing ex- 
clusively with seaside plants. 

Seaside Plants of the World is a 
delightful work; important since it 
deals with land conservation. The 400 
lavish illustrations are high class. You 
can realize how comprehensive his 
treatment is, for his chapters discuss 
Constant Enemies, Good Soil a Prere- 
quisite, Breaking the Force of the Wind, 
Planting the Garden, Eroding Hills 
and Reclaimed Marshlands, Ground 
Covers for Beach Areas, Vines for 
Use Near the Beach, Grass and Lily- 
like Plants, Herbs and Sub-Shrubs for 
Seaside Landscaping, Trees and Palms 
to Grow Near the Ocean, annuals, 
vegetables, lawns and even field crops 
are given. Because the book is un- 
avoidably worldwide in its scope, be- 
cause experience has shown that plants 
do not recognize geographical lines, 
there is a special chapter on New Zea- 
land and Australia. 

There is unquestionably good litera- 
ture in this writing — delightful read- 
ing. Ed Menninger knows how to use 
words just as well as he knows how to 
use plants. It is a major achievement 
in the field of horticultural literature, 
an indispensible reference for a con- 
servationist, a librarian or a horticul- 
turist, an authoritative guide for a 
gardener living near the sea or in a 
mountain or desert area where wind 

and soil erosion threaten plant life. 

"Whether the reader lives on Long 
Island or on the Virginia Capes, on 
the Coast of Maine or the rock-ribbed 
Oregon littoral, on one of the Florida 
Keys, or on an island off the California 
Coast, he must face up to the general 
conclusion that great gardens close to 
the sea are rare; that if he lives high 
on a rocky shore where wind and wave 
cannot get at him very well he can only 
pretend to have solved the problem. 
This man has no conception of the 
problems involved in really living by 
the sea." 

Menninger gives considerable atten- 
tion in the book to a study of plant 
material on the sea coasts of Southern 
California and Florida. "More dif- 
ferent kinds of plant life grow there 
— 3,000 miles of sea coast — either na- 
turally or by adoption, or at least ex- 
perimentally, than in any other similar 
place in the world. Beach landscapers 
in these two states have brought their 
salt-resistant material from every coun- 
try on earth and the gardens thus pro- 
duced are excellent proving grounds. 
Northern gardeners should disabuse 
their minds of the idea that because 
a plant grows in Florida, and is useful 
there, it is automatically tender to frost 
and worthless elsewhere in the coun- 

The salt-and-sand problem is by no 
means peculiar to Florida and Cali- 
fornia. Dwellers on the French and 
Italian rivieras have been struggling 
with it for years. The Gulf Coast, the 
Atlantic Coast are primary battle- 
grounds; Australia, New Zealand, 
Bermuda, Bahama, Madeira, West 
Indies, California Coast, Capetown, 
Capri, Hawaii, coasts of Ireland and 
England, France and Spain must all 
cope with the problem. 

Menninger speaks more, perhaps, to 
the owners of seaside homes than to 


landscape architects or nurserymen, al- 
though it certainly lifts the horizon of 
both to a realization that the number 
of plants which will oppose the sea's 
fury is enormous and that building 
them into the landscape will provide 
more endurance than is found in the 
very limited formula being followed 
now on most landscape jobs. 

The "project is to provide a setting 
where people can live by the sea with 
its varied problems and moods and 
enjoy its benefits without being haras- 
sed by its objectionable features." 

He must provide obstacles to sand, 
wind and salt that will not detract 
from the ocean's loveliness when it 
is peaceful, yet will prove successful 
barricades against its violent moods. 

Salt is enemy enough, but the sand 
borne by violent winds is worse. 
Again the wind is at the bottom of 
the trouble. The loss of leaves to salt 
spray is far less important to plant life 
than sandblasting of the stems. Actu- 
ally the most serious problem he can 
confront as a regular thing is surplus 
salt deposits. 

Well, this very delightful, literary 
and non-resistant book with its 400 
class A photographs tells the reader 
how to recognize, meet and overcome 
all these challenging problems. If you 
are not in a reading or research mood, 
just enjoying the photographs and cuts 
will give you a lift. One really hates 
to put down the book when duty or 
bedtime bids. 

The Picture Book of Perennials. 

Arno and Irene Nehrling, Hearth- 
side Press, N.Y., 1964. 288 pages. 

Hearthside Press now gives us the 
sixth book written by the well-known 
and authoritative Nehrling husband 
and wife team. 

Professor Nehrling (Cornell Uni- 
versity) has done extensive experi- 
mental work with perennials — his early 
love; has developed and introduced 
many hybrids; has lectured, taught 
and staged numerous seasonal shows 
featuring new and old-time favorite 
perennials; and is one to whom we 
should give unquestioned heed. 

The mere handling of this volume 
gives one a decided lift; from its ar- 
tistic jacket through to the very last 
page there is not one inharmonious 
note; the format is high-class, refresh- 
ing, lilting, inviting. 

The more than 200 superb draw- 
ings, photographs and color plates that 
illustrate the plants, gardens, tech- 
niques and principles of design seem 

breathtaking at times, so exquisite is 
their finish. Surely the book lives up 
to two words in its title, "picture 

Should one feel garden fagged, 
weary from the pursuit of the mun- 
dane, just sit down and thumb through 
the Nehrling book. A Peter Pan re- 
vitalization and rejuvination will be 
the result! 

Nehrling maintains that perennials 
are the favorite backbone of almost 
any successful planting, because they 
are labor and money savers, present 
infinite diversity, adapt to any loca- 
tion if wisely chosen, possess endless 
landscape possibilities, cover a long 
blooming period and are companion- 
able with other plants. 

A delightful section, "A to Z of 
Perennials" demonstrates what can be 
done when a comprehensive check list 
joins hands with art. Then come 
seven chapters comprising Part II of 
the book and covering such subjects 
as techniques of planting, propagat- 
ing, pest control, pruning, transplant- 
ing, mulching, fertilizing and land- 
scaping. But even these matter-of-fact 
categories are presented in a come- 
hither, contagious manner, for the au- 
thors never allow a hint of discourage- 
ment or any suggestion of backache or 
knee strain to creep in. This may be a 
salient point or it may not be ! 

Part III handles garden care month 
by month; an exhaustive list of peren- 
nials for every purpose, geographic 
areas and blooming time — however, 
only for northeastern United States; 
seven backbone plants for the small 
garden — here they are; daffodils, tu- 
lips, iris, peonies, delphiniums, peren- 
nial phlox, hardy chrysanthemums — a 
delightful selection for an other-than- 
Southern California garden. However, 
some substitutions could be made. Very 
useful definitions for the perennial 
gardener give satisfaction. 

Then this delightful volume closes 
presenting nine outstanding, high-class 
photographs, so that at the end our 
spirits are left steeped in the beauty 
of it all. 


Seventeen Southern Californians 
have purchased redwood trees in the 
high timber country 40 miles east of 
Porterville. The trees, up to 3,000 
years old, were sold by Lewis Leppel- 
man, developer and owner of Visalia 
Homes in Visalia, who owns a tract 
in which the trees are located. The 
tract is six miles north of Camp Nel- 
son on Highway 190. 




tells how to 

plan Outdoor 

Lighting % 

..- '.** 

Phone our lighting department 
at 232-4252 and ask them to 
mail you a copy of this informative 
booklet that helps homeowners 
plan their garden lighting. 





Historic Site 

Writer Visits "Old Padre" Dam 
Finds Many Native Plants 


At the easterly end of the Mission 
Gorge in San Diego are the remains of 
the Old Padre dam built between 1803- 
1816, by Indian labor under the super- 
vision of the Franciscan Fathers. 

During the time of its construction 
the stonework was cemented solid to 
the natural bedrock. It originally was 
224 feet long, with a 12 -foot wide 
base, 14 feet high and about 10 feet 
wide at the top. When full it held 
water. This with its nine miles of 
aqueduct could be called the engineer- 
ing feat of the ages, as it probably 
was the first irrigation system of the 
entire West. 

The latter part of June I visited the 
site of the "Old Padre Dam," not to 
view its remains but to check on the 
vegetation. In reality to make a re- 
cord of the plant life in close prox- 
imity. At this time the San Diego 
River was a small, meandering stream 

with pools along its course. In the im- 
mediate vicinity of the dam were sev- 
eral of these pools in which grow the 
common (1) Cat-tail, Typha latifolia 
with their long, narrow, stiffish leaves 
and cylindrical, brown ramrods of 
packed seed. Also growing in the 
water was the four-foot (2) Bulrush, 
Scirpus olneyi having rush-like stems 
of deep green. Also west of the dam, 
near the south edge of the pool, a 
dwarf er variety of (3) Three Square, 
Scirpus americana. This was about a 
foot high with gray-green grass-like 

Along the north edge of the shal- 
low water east of the dam also in the 
vicinity of number (20) on the south- 
west bank were some tall (4) Yellow 
Evening Primrose, Oenothera booker/. 
Its delicate yellow flowers open at 
dusk, staying open throughout the 
night, but the nsxt morning most of 

the exquisite blossoms are drooping 
and wilted. Another perennial mixed 
in with these was (5) Wild Celery, 
Ap'ium graveolens, this having pin- 
nately compound leaves, small white 
flowers. If the foliage is crushed you 
will get the celery odor. 

Near the southeast portion of this 
sluggish water forming a ground cover 
for some of the willows are (6) Yerba 
Mansa, Anemopsis califomica. This 
creeping rootstock plant belongs to the 
lizard-tail family and has numerous 
long-stemmed basal leaves with conical 
spikes of whitish flowers. 

Approximately a hundred feet west 
of the dam, above a miniature water- 
fall was a basin of shallow water upon 
which was creeping or floating, a patch 
of the common (7) Watercress, Ror- 
ippa nasturtium-aquaticum, a spreading 
soft-rooted perennial, with flowers in 
short racemes followed by slender. 


Padre Dam, California's first ir- 
rigation project, now an historical- 
landmark, will be properly dedi- 
cated Oct. 11. 

The reservoir, built by the In- 
dians 156 years ago, is located six 
miles northeast of San Diego Mis- 
sion de Alcala, and is five miles 
west of Santee, on the north side 
of Mission Gorge Road, in San 
Diego County. 

City and county officials will play 
an important part in the dedication 

ceremonies starting promptly at 2 

Plans for the rites were made 
four months ago by a 3 5 -member 

A few months ago the Depart- 
ment of the Interior designated the 
area as a landmark because of the 
native stone and cement and as a 
location of early Indian habitation. 

The dam, which contains many 
varieties of native plants, that are 
described in an article by Chauncy 

Jerabek in this issue of California 
Garden, was built in 1807, 38 years 
after Father Junipero Serra founded 
the first California Mission on Pre- 
sidio Hill, in Old San Diego. 

The dam was completed about 
three years after the War of 1812. 
The most complete history of the 
dam and flume is a phase of for- 
mer Union editor, Richard Pour- 
ade's book, "Time of the Bells." 
Mr. Pourade is now editor-emeritus 
of the San Diego Union. 




v*K kill »i it, 

Vl)0U ff.TlvV 

rtiakW*^ k»'ric»i<- 

D**t-1C-"Voy &»t^«- R»6i 

AIrf/7 fty C. /. Jerabek 

curved pods. Though native of Europe 
it is now widely naturalized in streams 
of North America. This favorite salad 
plant is often sold in the vegetable 
departments of our supermarkets. 

A short distance west of the dam, 
are two low-growing trees, one, the 
(8) Slender Willow, Salix exiqua. 
which is a gray, narrow-leaved type, at 
this season showing its dense catkins. 
The other dwarf one is (9) Califor- 
nia Black Willow, Salix gooddingii. 
This variety being very prolific, is all 
covered with matured blossoms. 

For several hundred feet east and 
west of the dam especially along the 
north bank were many of the (10) 
Arroyo Willows, Salix lasiolepis. A 
shrubby, small tree with leaves which 
are shiny dark green above and gray- 
ing beneath, its catkins appear before 
the foliage. This is the most abundant 
species of the willow growing in San 
Diego County. One thing that prob- 
ably helped the wall survive complete 
vandalism was the fact that it was 
hidden for years by the native growth, 
especially the willows. 

To the north, near the foot of the 
steep slope were some ( 1 1 ) Mule-fat, 
Baccharis viminea, a willowy shrub 


1. Cat-tail 
Typha latifolia 

2. Bulrush 
Scirpus olneyi 

3. Three-Square 
Scirpus americana 

I. Yellow Evening 
Oenothera hookeri 

5. Wild Celery 
Apium graveolens 

6. Yerba Mansa 
Anemopsis calif ornica 

7. Watercress 
Rorippa nasturtium- 

8. Slender Willow 
Salix exigua 

9. California 
Black Willow 
Salix goodingi 

10. Arroyo Willow 
Salix lasiolepis 

11. Mule-Fat 
Baccharis viminea 

12. Laurel Sumac 
Rhus laurina 

13. California Elderberry 
Sambucus coerulea 

14. Chaparral Broom 
Baccharis sarothroides 

15. Flat Top Buckwheat 
Erigonum fasciculatum 

16. Coastal Sage Brush 
Artemisia californica 

17. Lemonade Berry 
Rhus integrifolia 

18. Toyon, Christmas Berry 
Heteromeles arbutifolia 

19. Tree Tobacco 
\icotiana glauca 

20. Western Cottonweed 
Populus fremontia 

21. California Sycamore 
Platanus racemosa 

22. Coast Live Oak 
Quercus agri folia 



with narrow leaves. Ageratum-like 
white flowers in terminal clusters ap- 
pear in the late Spring. 

Near the top of the far hill on 
slanting ground is a (12) Laurel Su- 
mac, Rhus lamina. A shrub with many 
stems, two to 10 feet high. The leaves 
are lance-shaped and curve down- 
wards. The leaf and flower twigs are 
reddish, its terminal flower clusters are 
greenish-white followed by very small 
wax-coated berries. Further to the 
right, near an old fence, is a shrubby 
(13) California Elderberry, Sambucus 
caerulea with odd pinnate leaves, small 
white flowers, then large, flat-topped 
compound clusters of blue berries 
which have a mealy-white look. 

North of the black-topped highway. 
the dry slope between it and the dirt 
canyon road is covered with dry grass 
and other native growth, the most out- 
standing being (14) Chaparral Broom. 
(Hierba del Pasmo) Baccharis saro- 
throides. This is a much-branched 
shrub with numerous green angled 
twigs which form crowded broom-like 
clumps. Its real dry leaves are few. 
The individual flowers are insignificant 
but when the seeds ripen the bush 
looks as though covered with white 
fluffy down. 

Another well-known native is (15) 
Flat-top Buckwheat, Eriogonum fasci- 
culatum. This is one of the commonest 
low-growing shrubs of the area with 
numerous narrow olive-green leaves 
which are revolite marginal and to- 
mentose beneath. Densely crowded, 
flatfish clusters of pinkish-white flow- 
ers which stay in bloom for a consider- 
able time make this one of the most 
important honey plants of Southern 

Fairly near by is (16) Coastal 
Sage Brush, Artemisia California, sim- 
ilar to the plant called "Old Man" of 
our grandmother's garden. This is a 
shrub 4 to 5 feet high with many 
slender branches; the threadlike leaves 
are grayish-green. In its blooming 
season it is covered with many, very 
small, whitish flower heads. When 
the plant is brushed against or a piece 
crushed in the hand it emits an aro- 
matic odor. 

In the near vicinity is another very 
heavy growing shrub (17) Lemonade 
Berry, Rhus integrifolia with oval, 
two-inch, rigid and leathery leaves. 
In the Spring, small rose-colored flow- 
ers appear in dense clusters. Its flat, 
little reddish drupes are covered with 
an acid, sticky substance. When 
crushed and left to stand in water, it 
makes a lemonade-like drink, used in 
early days by the Indians and Mexicans 
as a thirst quencher. 

Another very attractive evergreen 
shrub or small tree is (15) Christmas 
Berry, Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia. 
which has dark green, glossy leaves, 
white flowers in dense terminal clus- 
ters, followed by red berries in the 
fall. Nearby is another shrub which 
sometimes becomes tree-like. Though 
a native of South America, it has be- 
come naturalized in Southern Califor- 


This is a (19) Tree-tobacco, Nico- 
tiana glauca. a loosely branched ever- 
green plant with blue-green, smooth 
leaves on long stems. Its yellow tub- 
ular, two-inch-long flowers are in loose 
compound clusters, followed by very 
fine seed which is carried by the wind 
and scattered far and wide, small 
plants coming up in the most unlikely 
places. Although some people have it 
as a specimen in their gardens, most 
Californians regard it as a trouble- 
some weed. 

A short distance both east and west 
of the dam, amongst the willows are a 
number of (20) Western Cottonwood. 
Populous jremontia. These are fairly 
large trees with drooping branches and 
grayish-white bark. Smooth, yellow- 
green leaves are heart-shaped with slen- 
der, flattened stems. During the windy 
days of Spring, its little seeds, which 
are embedded in fluffy white down, 
will be widely distributed. Those fall- 
ing on moist ground, especially along 
water-courses, will soon start a new 

East of the dam, along the south- 
ern bank, are three mutilated, (21) 
California Sycamore, Platanus race- 
mosa, trees with irregular trunks and 
branches, their bark flaking off in 
small sections, leaving uneven creamy- 
white patches. Their maple-like leaves 
are broad with deep lobes, the upper 
surface is smooth, while the opposite 
side is hairy; their petioles have a hol- 
low base which fits over the buds. The 
flowers are minute, barely noticeable 
but later come the globular seed clus- 
ters hanging from the twig tips, each 
stem having from two to seven seed 
heads. Whether in full foliage or de- 
ciduous, a good specimen of this tree 
is very attractive. 

About a mile below the dam, the 
gorge widens, here the creek (a river 
in times of abundant rainfall) bottom 
is strewn with boulders of many sizes. 
But upon islands of higher ground 
and on the northern slopes of the gorge 
are many good specimens of (22) 
Coast Live Oak, Ouercus agrifolia. 
Though it may be a massive tree, it 
often assumes a shrubby form; here 

it is apt to be short-trunked and me- 
dium-limbed. The dull, dark green 
leaves are oval or almost round with 
spiny margins which turn under at 
the edges. Its small, cupped acorns 
are slender and pointed, an inch to 
one-and-a-half inches long. 

Without a doubt, during the rainy 
period, one could see many other in- 
teresting plants along the chaparral 
covered slopes. When I visited it in 
the latter part of June, it was already 
the arid season. But as the Summer 
wanes it will become much drier, the 
shallow water will completely disap- 
pear, the deeper pools will probably 
be covered over with algae. 

On October 11 this site will be dedi- 
cated as a historical monument. Dur- 
ing the intervening time between 
Spring and Fall, the Park and Recrea- 
tion Department will do some trim- 
ming and clearing which could change 
the landscape slightly. Just to keep the 
record straight, please remember, when 
reading this article, that it was written 
as of last June. 


A special salute to the State Division 
of Forestry men who apparently saved 
Old Moses, one of the oldest redwood 
trees on earth. Old Moses, a name 
given by loggers in the Porterville area, 
is a Sequoia Gigantea, which was set 
afire by a lightning bolt recently. 

The tree, which is located in the 
Sequoia National Park, is 18 feet in 
diameter at the base and towers 240 
feet into the air. Its age has been esti- 
mated at 2000 years old. It was stand- 
ing in the Sierra foothills since before 
the Christian era. 

When foresters found that the fire 
was too high to be fought from the 
ground, they used airplanes and heli- 
copters to pour water and chemicals 
on it. For days the fire smouldered 

In a last-ditch attempt to extinguish 
the embers, the foresters used a heli- 
copter to pour 1,000 gallons of "wet- 
water" on the fire. The plane carried 
a 105 -gallon pan beneath it. "Wet- 
water" has been chemically treated to 
make it penetrate the wood better. 

The foresters then dumped 500 gal- 
lons of "jellied" water on top of the 
"wet- water" to keep it from evaporat- 
ing. The tree is situated in Dillon 
Wood, a 120-acre tract, privately 
owned, but within the borders of the 
park's forest at the 7,200-foot level. 





Pyrus Calleryana 

Pyrus calleryana, a "Pear" for these 
regions, usually seen here as an irregu- 
lar, errant tree 15-25 feet high after 
having served its purpose as an espalier 
. . . crooked and distorted, the angular 
limbs misshapen, twisting away from 
whatever had been, a house or a wall. 
This quality of ultimate size should be 
considered when setting the plant out 
as an espalier and the matter of scale 
to the structure observed. It is hand- 
some in this use, especially against a 
light structure and will serve well for 
a number of years. Ultimately, how- 
ever, it will claim its inherent rights 
and demand freedom in the most up- 
to-date sense and coloring of the twen- 
tieth century. 

Let there be no mistake about this 
because the type form is grown as far 
south as Washington, D.C. as a flower- 
ing tree streetside and not particularly 
recommended for gardens due to its 
size. Dr. W. E. Whitehouse and 
others of the U.S. Department of Agri- 
culture, reports in the American Hor- 
ticultural Magazine a tree on the Belts- 
ville, Maryland, station grounds as 50 
feet high and 30 feet across at 44 years. 

To be sure, the tree used here as the 
"Evergreen Pear" may be a lower form, 
adapted by selection for garden use. 
The variety term "Kawakami" would 
indicate a Japanese background where 
the dwarf character could be expected. 
As such, it is commonly grown in 
Southern California for the characteris- 
tic ramification of stem and horizon- 
tally inclined structure. 

The white flowering of late winter 
or very early spring is that of a typical 
pear or apple and a poignant memory 
to some. Even the clustered flower 
pedicels and their halo of light termi- 
nating a short, stubby spur are remini- 
scent . . . nostalgic in a way, for one 
who looks at flowers and who has 
lived away from temperate regions for 
long years. The flower is conspicu- 
ously peppered with the black dots of 
the stamens and may be more pro- 
nounced than shown in Alfred Hottes' 
drawing. The foliage is evergreen in 
subtropical regions, dark and shining, 

the leaves undulating and wavy to 
catch the light at varying angles for a 
lively aspect as a breeze or the wind 
moves them about. 

With age, the base of the short 
trunk can take on an extremely pic- 
turesque look, flaring markedly at the 
ground with a knotted, knurly texture 
left from the many water-sprouts that 
have been removed. Rub these off a5 
they appear while still in the succulent 
stage . . . don't cut. Dig them out if 
they have gone into a hard-wood con- 
dition. Otherwise, they will return in 
a young, vigorous trunk. Shape the 
plant with the pruning shears to suit 

fc>t rt \ 

the purpose for which designed, this 
to be done in late winter or spring. 

There is one rather serious disease, 
serious that is if not handled properly 
and in time. Fire blight is a bacterial 
disease with no specific for control. 
However, in this case it is easily held 
in check if infected shoots are removed 
immediately and if there is no close 
source of infection. It shows up first 
as a wilty condition of the soft, young 
shoots, then a die-back into older wood 
and this is a good reason for not push- 
ing the plant unduly with feeding. 
If these shoots are cut out on sight 
and in the beginning, there will prob- 



Musings On Street Trees 




Someone suggested I write an ar- 
ticle on street tree planting. Well, I 
don't own a city lot anymore and 
when I did I planted Cocos Plumosa. 
That's what Miss Sessions wanted. 

Maybe a lot of people who write 
recipes work at a desk all day and 
don't cook and people who write 
lovely poems about trees and flowers 
are cooped-up in a downtown cubby- 

Some folks think my palms look 
like feather-dusters but they have sur- 
vived in spite of the fact that the 
utility companies do not like them and 
whack them off, even the nice green 
branches, twice a year. 

I like the Jacarandas and I am so 
glad to see them on Fourth Avenue 
now. They are open enough in growth 
that they do not obstruct the view of 
persons backing out of driveways. 

Brazilian Peppers and Liquidambar 
are favorites of mine, but when young 
they are dense in growth and should 
not be too close to the driveway. It 
might be well to get as large specimens 
as ones nursery can recommend and 
thin them out a bit. 

There is nothing so magnificent as 
a fine tall tree, but one may as well 
wait until the wires go underground 
or power is beamed to us by telestar or 
some other radionic invention. 

Down with the wires, I say, even, 
so housemovers and big moving vans 
always take a toll. Our block has suf- 
fered desperately from both this last 

year. Glory Be, they never touch the 
palms, but the Brazilian Peppers have 
brittle stems and are broken so often. 

I like some of these new subdivis- 
ions where the sidewalk is next to the 
curb and there is no parking strip. 
Now that I am elderly it is hard to 
step out of a car into a tangle of Ivv 
or mesembryanthemus and struggle to 
the walk, especially at night. 

I like the idea of planting street 
trees on your own lot next to the 
sidewalk, for then you can plant the 
tree you love. Just now my affection 
is for Calodendrum capensh or Cape 
Chestnut which has dark green leaves 
and lovely soft pink flowers with long 
stamens and a full, finely shaped head. 

There is one at 3145 Brant Street 
in full bloom now, simply glorious, 
the clusters of flowers suggest azaleas. 

I don't mind if a street is curved 
and has no parking strip. Mr. Ave- 
rage Man never takes good care of the 
grass in a parking strip. It is always 
a mess, dries out quickly and is more 
care than his whole lawn. 

When you water, it is always run- 
ning over and wasting unless you 
trench the edge and then someone is 
sure to catch a high heel in it and 

I am for curved streets, slower driv- 
ing and no parking strip. Plant the 
tree you like just inside your own 
grounds where no one can say no-no 
until it gets big enough to hang down 
over the sidewalk. 


ably be no further trouble until next 
year's growing period. Make cuts well 
back into healthy wood. Keep the 
shears away from infected parts. Use 
one hand to remove the cuttings which 
should be burned. Keep that hand 
closely at home until the job is done. 
Don't touch the plant anywhere with 
it. Other pomaceous, or apple-like 
plants may be a source of infection, 
loquat, cotoneaster and others that may 
be found in these regions. If your 

pyracantha suddenly, in part or as a 
whole, turns burned-brown, it prob- 
ably has given up to the fire of this 
blight . . . remove immediately and 

This plant is unusually clean and 
non-littering. It is not demanding as 
to site or soil. It adapts to considerable 
drouth or to rather wet ground, even 
with roots submerged in seasonal 
standing water, if part of the system 
is in drier ground where it can breathe. 

We learn that the City Council is 
holding extraordinary sessions and 
straining every nerve to allow Tree 
Commissioner Klauber sixty dollars for 
the trimming of the trees on Fifth 

It is difficult to decide which most 
to admire, the Council for these efforts 
or Mr. Klauber for his persistency. On 
its appointment the Tree Commission 
asked for a working fund of ten thou- 
sand dollars. 

Presumably since that time this 
amount has come down by gradation 
to this modest sixty, and it is some- 
thing to know that there is a chance 
of its being allowed. 

* * * 

While professing the utmost sym- 
pathy with the proposal of Mr. 
Wheeler to utilize the vacant lots to 
settle the two vital questions of the 
unemployed and the city beautifica- 
tion, we fear it is a beautiful dream. 

The majority of our vacant lots 
have neither the soil nor other condi- 
tions suitable to profitable culture in 
vegetables or flowers, and the majority 
of our unemployed could not so use 
them were it otherwise. 

The average unemployed would 
need two professional gardeners to 
keep him from doing the wrong thing 
while a third did the planting. 

However, we have had the privilege 
of visiting the home of Mr. Wheeler, 
and it is a sufficient credential to allow 
him to speak on these matters, and 
these comments we hope are respect- 
ful; they seem necessary because the 
Floral Association was mentioned as 
one organization among others that 
might form a company to exploit or 
rather combine the unutilized forces of 
the unemployed labor and the vacant 

* * * 

We are bound to look out for the 
Floral Association and must warn it 
against any attempt to corner the vege- 
table or flower market. The law 
frowns on these big combines. 




Kate Sessions Memorial Program 
Slated For Her 107th Anniversary 

San Diego City Beautiful, Inc., is 
now making arrangements to observe 
the 107th anniversary of the birth of 
Katherine Olivia Sessions, late and fa- 
mous horticulturist. 

Appropriate ceremonies dedicated to 
the life and work of Miss Sessions will 
be given in her park at the extension 
of Loring Street in Pacific Beach on 
November 7 this year. 

Mrs. Raymond C. Smith, president 
of City Beautiful, Inc., said the pro- 
gram is to be given one day earlier 
this year so as not to conflict with the 
Massing of the Colors program in 
Balboa Park on November 8. 

Her organization invites everyone 
who can to attend the ceremonies to 
pay a glowing tribute to a most re- 
markable person, the late and revered 
Kate Sessions. 

Miss Sessions was born in San Fran- 
cisco the daughter of Colonel and Mrs. 
Josiah Sessions, members of an early 
American family. 

She spent her early life in Oakland, 
attending its elementary schools. She 
was graduated in 1881 from the Uni- 
versity of California, Berkeley, with 
a BSc degree in agriculture. 

Two years later, following a trip to 
Hawaii, where she inspected native 
plants, she came to San Diego, where 
she taught classes at the old Russ 

She was lonely when she first came 
to this city, and would often return to 
her Oakland home. But there was 
something about early San Diego that 
always drew her back to it. 

It was in 1884 that she actually be- 
gan to devote her life to floriculture 
and horticulture. She opened a small 
nursery as part of her cottage in Coro- 

If you will scan through early San 
Diego city directories you will find that 
the first record of a San Diego nursery 
bearing the name Sessions appeared in 

As her business grew she needed 
more room to expand, and for a time 
she began cultivating an area in the 
Mission Hills section of the city. 

Kate Sessions as a young girl. 

Wherever she went, whatever she 
touched, became alive with growing 
things: flowers, plants, trees. Many 
trees stand today a tribute to her green 

Her greatest achievement — the turn- 
ing of 30 acres of barren public land 
into a paradise — came in 1892. These 
were part of a 1,400-acre plot set 
aside by the city of San Diego in 1868 
for use as a city park of the future. 

She signed a lease with the City 
agreeing to plant 100 trees annually 
in the park land and give 300 addi- 
tional trees to the city in exchange 
for 30 acres. 

This latter acreage was on Sixth 
Avenue, south of Upas Street, in what 
is now Balboa Park. She planted many 
roots of plants from foreign lands. 
She lived to see the handiwork turn 
into a huge botanical garden. 

Realizing there was little else she 
could do in the central part of San 
Diego, Miss Sessions set her sights on 
the northern part of the city, near the 
shores of beautiful Mission Bay. 

In 1914 she had purchased 67 acres 
of land in Pacific Beach, and soon it 
was under cultivation. Although she 
visited the land often, she did not 
actually move to the beach area until 

She lived in Pacific Beach at 5090 
Los Altos Road, and commuted to 
San Diego, where she still maintained 
a nursery at 401 6 Randolph Street. 
It was not until 1930 that she estab- 
lished a nursery on Garnet Avenue, 
Pacific Beach. 

It was during the Thirties that she 
became interested in some land in the 
vicinity of Lamont and Loring Streets. 
She thought it a good place for a com- 
munity park. 

Miss Sessions did not live long 
enough to see the fulfillment of this 
dream of hers for the community of 
Pacific Beach. She died in La jolla 
on March 24, 1940. 

But her dream came true. 

Through the cooperation of citizens 
in the community and with the help 
of members of the various municipal 
bodies Kate Sessions Memorial Park 
in Pacific Beach became a fact. 

Among those playing a leading part 
in the development of plans for the 
memorial park were Dr. Ralph Smith 
Roberts of Pacific Beach and former 
Councilman Ross Tharp of Point 

Dr. Roberts was an old friend of 
Miss Sessions and for years he has 
been interested in the beautification of 
the North Shores community. Mr. 
Tharp was living in Clairemont when 
he was a member of the San Diego 
City Council. 

Others residing in the Pacific Beach 
community who gave their all to make 
Miss Sessions dream possible included 
Mrs. Raymond Smith (no relation to 
Dr. Roberts) and Ed Rowan, a re- 
tired labor union executive. 

Among groups most active in the 
development of plans for the park 
were the Pacific Beach Woman's Club 
and the Pacific Beach Coordinating 



Rare Torrey Pines Specinu 



Two Cypress trees of Guadalupe Islands. 

The U.S. Horticultural Field Sta- 
tion on Torrey Pines Mesa is sched- 
uled to be closed about November 1, 
1964, or shortly thereafter. 

The City of San Diego has exer- 
cised its option to terminate the lease 
with the U.S. Department of Agricul- 
ture under which the Station operates. 

It is understood the City Council 
will dispose of the property to real 
estate developers for the construction 
of high-rise apartments and related fa- 

The Station began operation in 1923 
as an Acclimatization Garden, or 
what we now call a Plant Introduction 
Garden. Prior to 1936, many species 
of plants were brought into this coun- 
try by plant explorers of the U.S. De- 
partment of Agriculture and grown at 
Torrey Pines Mesa. 

From this Station, plants were dis- 
tributed to other areas to test their 
adaptability to specific conditions of 
soil, climate, water, etc. Avocados, cac- 
tus, cherimoyas, citrus, coffee, species 
of Gossypium (cotton), dates, species 
of Ephedra, macadamia, mulberry, pa- 
payas, palms, Podocarpus, rubber 
plants, sapotes, and many others were 
observed and tested. 

Furthermore, there remain to this 
day specimen plants of nearly all of 
those mentioned except coffee. 

After 1936, the plant introduction 
function of the Station ceased, and was 
superseded by a vegetable breeding 
project, formerly located at Chula 
Vista. Following this move, the Sta- 
tion rapidly became a nationally recog- 
nized center for the development of 
disease resistant and adapted cultivars 
of lettuce and muskmelons. 


The purpose of this article is to in- 
dicate some of the fine specimens of 
ornamental trees and shrubs that have 
added immensely to the value of Cali- 
fornia horticulture, and are shortly to 
become victims of the bulldozer. 

One of the outstanding trees on the 
Station grounds is a macadamia. This 
tree was probably planted in 1924. If 
so, it is among the oldest, if not the 
oldest macadamia tree in the State. 
The tree regularly produces a crop of 
nuts, although there is no systematic 
effort to fertilize and irrigate it. 

Another tree of historical interest is 
a mulberry, probably Morns mult'i- 
caulis. Mulberry trees were planted on 
the Station in connection with a pilot 
experiment to establish a silk-worm 
industry in San Diego County at San 

Marcos. This specimen is a handsome, 
deciduous small tree or large shrub 
with glossy dark-green leaves. It bears 
enormous numbers of delicious juicy, 
pleasantly tart, red berries that turn 
almost black at maturity. The fruit 
makes exceptionally colorful jelly. 

In the early 1930's, the late Guy L. 
Fleming returned from a trip to the 
Guadalupe Islands with seeds of the 
Guadalupe Island Cypress {Cupressns 
gnada/npens/s) and the Guadalupe Is- 
land Pine {Finns radiata var. binata) . 
The seeds were given to Mr. Charles 
Marshall of the Station staff to propa- 
gate. There are one-half dozen cypress 
trees remaining and two pines. The 
stately cypress have interesting smooth, 
cherry-red exfoliating bark. 

One of the trees is about 25-30 feet 
tall and has a trunk diameter of 6 feet 
8 inches, 4 feet above the ground. The 
Guadalupe Island Pines grow rapidly 
under good conditions. The two on 
the Station are monsters, about 30 feet 
tall, and with an equal spread in girth. 

In 1937, by invitation, the famous 
San Diego horticulturist, Miss Kate 
Sessions, planted a number of trees 
and shrubs around one of the cottages 
on the Station. A number of these 
plants survive. 

A fine specimen of mulberry, most likely Moras multicaulis. 


Destruction in Project Drive 

Tecoma stans trees. 

Among them is the handsome Eu- 
genia paniculata. In the fall and win- 
ter it is covered with greyish-purple 
fruits. In the winter, the shiny dark- 
green leaves are interspersed with 
greyish-purple berries. 

A large shrub, or small tree of Te- 
coma stans was also planted by Miss 
Sessions. During the summer months 
it is covered with a shower of large 
golden -yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers; 
a lovely and unusual sight. It needs 
to be severely pruned each year be- 
cause the wood is soft and brittle. As 
a result, even winds of moderate in- 
tensity are likely to break the branches. 

In the patio at the entrance to the 
Office-Laboratory building, there is a 
good-sized, flat-topped evergreen shrub. 
This shrub, Gossypium harknessii, is 
one of the lintless cottons from the 
islands of the Gulf of California. It 
has yellow, hollyhock-like flowers, with 
a dark purple center. It blooms spar- 
ingly but almost continuously, and 
makes an attractive ornamental. It has 
the additional virtue of not being sub- 
ject to common pests. 

Another unusual plant, introduced 
in this country through the Station, is 
the weird, dichotomously branched 
Kalanchoe beharensis. It was collected 
in Madagascar by Dr. C. F. Swingle, 
formerly of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture and now living at Pala. 
K. beharensis is a gigantic shrub, with 
enormous leaves. The prominent leaf- 
scars give the trunk a waffle-like ap- 
pearance. Every year after the plant 
reaches maturity, the terminal of each 
branch produces a huge inflorescence 
of rather small, inconspicuous, yellow- 
ish-green flowers. 


the author 

Eugenia planted by Miss Sessions. 

This large macadamia tree is about 20 feet tall. 

There are many large Torrey Pine 
trees on the Station grounds, but more 
interesting is a small grove of Torrey 
Pines raised from seed collected by 
Mr. Guy L. Fleming from trees grow- 
ing on Santa Rosa Island. The orig- 
inal idea was to compare them with 
trees from the mainland grown in the 
same environment. There may be sub- 
tle differences, but to the casual ob- 
server they appear to be similar. 

This is a partial list of the many 
fine specimen trees and shrubs pro- 
grammed for destruction. It is to 
be hoped the developers of the area 
will have the foresight, good taste 
and imagination to preserve the beauty 
and values that reside in these un- 
usual, mostly rare, and always interest- 
ing plants. The American people, 
however, have a propensity for bull- 
dozing out of existence some of their 
most precious possessions in the name 
of progress. 

Lintless cotton shrub, Gossypium harknessii. 

The Kate Sessions Tipuana Tree 

:..... ■ . . ... ■ . ....■■ 


Tipuana Tipu 

The Tipuana is a wide-spreading 
tree from Brazil. Kate Sessions ob- 
tained seeds and planted these on the 
Pacific Coast. She raised many of 
these trees, and they became popular. 
The original tree, grown by Miss Ses- 
sions, stands at the roadside, near what 
was once the site of her nursery, on 
Garnet Avenue, about two blocks from 
Highway 101, in Pacific Beach. The 
tree is more than 30 feet in height 
and has a 40-foot spread. 

The flowers are orange-yellow 
marked brownish at the base, pea- 
shaped, petals rather wrinkled, pro- 
duced in immense terminal clusters 
(panicles), in midsummer. The leaves 
are opposite, compound, 17-to-21- 
parted, the whole leaf often 18 inches 
long. The tree is deciduous for a few 
weeks each year. 

The twigs are rusty-hairy. Strange, 
one-winged fruits are 2y 2 inches long, 
and remind one of maple seeds. Of 
course, maples are not related to the 
Tipuana. Each fruit contains 1 to 3 
seeds. It is a profuse flowering tree 
which takes considerable space. It 
stands water or lack of it. Young 
trees need pruning to get them to start 
into shapely form. R.S.H. 

As several new readers of Califor- 
nia Garden have requested it, we are 
reprinting a photograph of the Kate 
Sessions Tipu-tree (Tipuana tipu), 
shown above. 

Persons en route on November 7 to 
attend the 107th anniversary observ- 
ance dedicated to Miss Sessions at her 
park in Pacific Beach will see this tree 
on the north side of Garnet Avenue, 

Hummers Add Touch 
to Season's Gardens 

Southern California gardeners have 
been blessed this past season by the 
number of humming birds that have 
played overhead and quenched their 
thirsts by sipping with their long, 
slender beaks the nectar of the vines. 

Although these bipeds are usually 
found from Alaska to Tierra del 
Fuego, 11 of the species are found in 
the West. The birds do not require 
much food. 

Plants that are attractive to these 
birds are those whose flowers hang 
downward like the fuchsia-flowered 
gooseberry and the California fuchsia 

Vines such as Cape May or Texas 
honeysuckle, the pink and red trumpet, 

and the trumpet creeper are favored 
spots for these midgets. 

They are attracted to the bright col- 
ored shrubs and vines. For some rea- 
son they know that the best of the 
thirst quenchers are there. 

In taking food they never alight, 
but feed while hovering on the wing 
before the flower. They support them- 
selves while in midair by the vibra- 
tory movement of the wings. Hence 
the peculiar humming sound one often 

While the nectar of the vine is par- 
taken of, it is not the one and only 
food they obtain. Humming birds 
also feed on insects, and carry away 
flies caught in the web of spiders. 




Something new in the field of land- 
scape design for large housing con- 
struction in Southern California is be- 
ing put to use in the Leisure World 
"people-over-52" project in the La- 
guna Hills. 

It's called "instant grass." Grass sod 
from Tehachapi, transported south by 
trucks and trailers, is being installed 
in the housing development. 

The grass is a hybrid variety of 
Marion Newport, Marion Kentucky 
and Marion Bluegrass mix. The sod 
weighs about 5 lb. per square foot 
and is being transported in rolls. 

This method of having lawns im- 
mediately was popular in the East. It 
is being furthered here. 

Other landscape architects who are 
or who may be engaged in landscap- 
ing and site planning for large de- 
velopments might well take a look at 
the Laguna Hills project, to see how 
this new gimmick is taking hold. 

House Plants Make 
Ideal Yule Presents 


Two giant cypress trees located on 
private properties in La Jolla were poi- 
soned in error admittedly by a pest 
control company of Los Angeles re- 
cently. Although antidotes were used, 
owners fear the trees may die. 

The trees are on the properties of 
Mrs. Sally C. Paige, 1043 S. Coast 
Blvd., and Ronald E. Liss, 1039 S. 
Coast Blvd., and they overlook La Jolla 
Cove, one of the prettiest view points 
in La Jolla. The trees are about 75 
years old and are 70 feet tall. 

A pest control company hired to 
kill six trees on land adjacent to the 
Paige and Liss properties admitted it 
misread the blueprints and soaked 
chemicals onto the cypress trees by mis- 

The six trees the pest control com- 
pany was hired to destroy, are to make 
way for a nine-story office building, 
which is to be the central part of 
Prospect Center on Prospect Street, 
east of Girard Avenue. 

The Los Angeles chemical company 
which makes the chemical said the 
injured trees had less than a 50-50 
chance since the poison had a 48-hour 
sliart The trees were flushed with water 
and liquid fertilizer to stop the rise 
of the sap, as a possible antidote to 
the chemical. 


No home should be without potted 
plants. If you are one of the new 
house owners in Southern California, 
now is the time to beautify the in- 
terior of the new place with growing 
things, too. Housewives usually have 
a choice of the species of plant they 
wish to cultivate. But first the most 
important item is the type of con- 
tainer to be used. One must determine 
whether to use clay pots or plastic 
pots. Either is suitable. 

Clay pots are porous. These provide 
the necessary air circulation for the 
roots, and have drainage holes for 
water. Plastic pots are lightweight 
and easy to handle. However, as with 
metal or ceramic containers, water 
evaporates slowly, and one must be 
careful not to use too much water. 
There also is another thing to remem- 
ber about plant potting: if you do 
not have drainage, water can accumu- 
late in the bottom of the pot. Lack 
of drainage causes gases that are toxic 
and harmful to the plant. 

The homeowner may purchase pot- 
ting soils in small bags at the nurseries, 
of if he feels like experimenting, the 
homeowner can prepare his own. 
About three years ago the editors of 
Better Homes & Gardens suggested 
a formula for most house plants, and 
I'd like to pass it on to you, if you do 
not have one of the magazine's Gar- 
den Books. The formula is: 

Three parts garden soil 

One part well-rotted manure 

Two parts leaf mold or peat moss 

One part perlite or sharp sand 

One-fourth part wood 
charcoal flakes 

For cacti and succulents, at least 
double the sand or perlite, and add 
one-half part dolomite lime. 

One should sprinkle the mixture 
lightly with water while blending. 

By following these simple direc- 
tions I have grown among others the 
lovely African violets, philodendrons, 
an indoor palm and a rubber plant. 

A neighbor has a number of varie- 
ties that tie-in well with the upcom- 
ing holiday season. For instance, she 

has potted poinsettias, Christmas cac- 
tus, Crown of Thorns and Cyclamen 

At this time of the year home- 
owners who have grown house plants 
begin thinking of their acquaintances, 
friends and relatives in terms of giv- 
ing them plants for Christmas. The 
most suitable gift might be the Crown- 
of-Thorns. This is a popular Christ- 
mas plant. It originated in southern 
Asia and Africa. It is a succulent. The 
Crown-of-Thorns and the poinsettia 
are euphorbias. They both have the 
milky juice so typical of all euphor- 
bias. As the juice is harmful one 
should use care not to get any of it 
in the mouth or eyes or into a cut or 

Succulent euphorbias must have sun- 
light, a warm place, careful watering 
and air circulation. 

New homeowners should be advised 
of the decorative house plants should 
they also desire to pot them and pack- 
age them as Christmas gifts when the 
yule season arrives. Christmas cactus, 
if properly nurtured during the pre- 
vious months, should now be in bloom. 
If not, begin now to insure that it 
will bloom next year. The cactus is a 
native of Brazil (Schlumbergera var.). 
They perch like other epiphytic plants 
in the crotches of trees. They must 
have the best organic soil, sufficiently 
rich to provide the nourishment they 
need, and free enough to receive aera- 
tion of its fine roots. 

When grown in pots, there should 
be a two-inch layer of fine stones in 
the bottom of the container to make 
for proper drainage. The soil must not 
be packed tightly around the roots. 
This type of cactus does not like hot 
midday sun. It prefers that all sun- 
light be filtered, as shimmering through 
the trees that protect them from direct 
overhead light. They also must have 
good air circulation. One should re- 
member to feed the plant regularly 
and give it plenty of water, only when 
the plant is in active growth. Keep it 
in one place, don't move it around, is 
another good rule to follow. 





There are two kinds of "redwood" 
trees in the United States. One of 
these is Sequoia gigantea, or Sierra 
Redwood (the Big Tree"), which 
occurs in relatively small and isolated 
areas at high elevations in the Sierra 
Nevada. Some of the best known 
of the of the giant redwoods, such 
as the Nation's Christmas Tree and 
the General Sherman, are of this kind. 
Almost all of the Sierra Redwoods 
are now in national or state parks. 
These are not used for the production 
of lumber. 

The second species of redwood is 
Sequoia sempervirens, better known 
as the California Redwood. This is 
the source of commercial redwood 
lumber. The California Redwood 
grows in extensive areas, totalling one 
and a half million acres, stretching 

for hundreds of miles along the Cali- 
fornia coast. Some of these trees, 
while in many respects equally majes- 
tic, are less old and smaller in diame- 
ter (but in some cases taller) than 
the most famous of the Sierra Red- 
woods. All figures below refer only 
to the Coast Redwood. 

Regrowth Replaces Redwood 
Taken From The Forest 

Reforestation and other forms of 
forest management are widely prac- 
ticed in privately owned redwood 
forests. Actually, redwood is one of 
the fastest growing of the commercial 
lumber trees. Thousands of high 
quality "second growth" trees three to 
four feet in diameter are to be seen 
in areas which have been logged dur- 
ing the past century. A preliminary 
government report soon to be pub- 


f auft (j&u&en utillhe. limply elegant 

"'"■- . With HAZARD BLOC • . 

8 * .: • DECOR :RDC \ 



F*ia» Rd. & Highway 395 


288 Fletcher J%kway 


lished estimates the new growth of 
commercial redwood to average 480,- 
000,000 board feet per year over a 
ten year period. Part of this growth 
is from new trees, grown since origi- 
nal cutting; part of it comes from the 
accelerated growth of established trees 
receiving increased light, air and water 
as larger mature trees are removed. 
And most important, it is a net figure, 
after deducting losses from a variety 
of natural causes. This is a 20% in- 
crease over the previous decade! 
Large Scenic Areas of Original 
Redwood Forests Are Preserved 

Many thousands of acres of origi- 
nal growth California Redwood for- 
ests have, with the cooperation of the 
redwood lumber industry and citizen 
groups, been set aside as public parks, 
preserving for all time the beauty of 
these original forests. Substantial ad- 
ditions to these are offered by their 
present owners and can become pub- 
lic property when compensation or ex- 
change problems are settled. Nearly 
one-third of the entire present area 
of old growth redwood trees, and an 
even larger proportion of the volume 
of timber, is in public hands. 

There are now twenty-three Red- 
wood Parks, totalling nearly 100,000 
acres, administered by the State of 
California. Additional areas in the 
hands of bureaus and divisions of 
both the National and State govern- 
ments bring the total publicly owned 
redwood forest to 227,000 acres! 
There is no chance, unless it be done 
under government direction, for the 
"last redwood" ever to be cut. 
Redwood Lumbering Is An Important 
And Recognized Industry 

Redwood lumbering is a major 
California industry. It has been so 
for more than a hundred years. Hun- 
dreds of millions of dollars are in- 
vested in forests and equipment. 
Thousands of workers are employed 
in forestry and processing. In large 
areas of Northwestern California, red- 
wood is a major source of tax revenue. 
Production of redwood lumber is con- 
trolled by the laws of the State of 
California and regulated by agencies 
of the State. Every effort has been 
made to make redwood timber a con- 
tinuing and valuable resource. 



A Calendar 

of Care 


October, to the Cymbidium enthu- 
siast, approaches the moment of truth. 
He will soon know whether the sum- 
mer care he gave his plants was to 
their liking or whether he will have to 
grit his teeth and try harder next year. 
He knows, of course, that the watering 
and feeding program he carried out 
from April through August has pre- 
determined, to a large extent, the num- 
ber and quality of flowers he may ex- 
pect on his plants this fall and winter. 
Few plants are so intolerant of neglect 
as are the Cymbidium Orchids, and one 
that has been hungry and thirsty 
through the long hot summer months 
is probably trying too hard just to stay 
alive to bother putting out a bloom 

But suppose our green-thumber did 
everything that he was told to do. He 
repotted those plants that needed at- 
tention just as early in the year as pos- 
sible without sacrificing bloom, and 
thus gave them the benefit of unin- 
terrupted growth through the spring 
and summer months. They had gen- 
erous amounts of high nitrogen food 
twice monthly and they had been kept 
moist but not soaking wet. Sun and 
light had been controlled by lath and 
shade cloth according to the best ad- 
vice available. In short, they are 
healthy, large plants and according to 
all the books they should put out 
bloom spikes this year. Is there any- 
thing else to do this October 1st to 
improve their chances of flowering? 
Yes, of course. 

Feeding should be changed to a low 
nitrogen, high phosphorous formula. 
Growths are made up, and by now 
should be fairly well ripened. Any 
further major growing will probably 
be at the expense of flowers. Addi- 

tional phosphorous and a slight in- 
crease in potash is now needed to set 
and mature the incipient bloom spikes. 

This is the most critical time of year 
for the control of insect and animal 
pests. Red spider, snails and slugs are 
always a problem, but Cymbidium 
flowers are the garden equivalent of 
top sirloin to these predators and they 
seem to gather from miles around for 
a good meal. Fortunately, Kelthane 
and Metaldehyde will assure that it is 
their last meal and these preparations 
should be used in liberal quantity. 
Neither chemical, however, should be 
applied directly to flowers or buds, 
and complete control prior to the 
emergence of spikes is desirable. One 
further word of caution. Many of the 
standard snail-slug baits contain arse- 
nic which is highly toxic to Orchid 
roots and these baits must not be used. 
Ants and aphids may pop up from 
time to time but a light dusting with 
I0 c /c Chlordane will rout them in a 

Continue watering as usual, with the 
'Always moist, never wet' rule in mind. 
The sun is going South, the days are 
getting shorter and generally more 
overcast. Hence, containers will not 
dry out as rapidly and less water may 
be needed. Water early in the morn- 
ing if possible, so that foliage will be 
completely dry by the time tempera- 
tures drop at nightfall. Or, if water- 
ing must be done late or not at all, 
wet the potting medium only and 
avoid getting water on the foliage. 
Never, if you can help it, allow water 
to accumulate and remain in the tips 
of new growths or spikes. There is no 
quicker way to damp them off. 

While considering shorter days, let 

us remember that Cymbidiums need 
maximum light for best growth and 
bloom. It may be advisable to relo- 
cate some of the plants to increase sun 
exposure. Later, when spikes are actu- 
ally showing, the soft pastel colors will 
want to be shaded in order to minim- 
ize sun fading; this should not be 
done until buds are just beginning to 
push out of their sheath. Winter rain 
should be kept in mind too, since it is 
sometimes accompanied by hail. Over- 
head protection is desirable in this case 
because a hard pelting rain or hail 
spots and mars flowers. Shade cloth or 
translucent paneling do an excellent 
job of cutting down the force of the 

And, finally, plants should be shown 
at their best, and to this end should be 
cleaned and dressed up. Removing 
dead leaves, cutting dry leaf tips and 
stripping down the dry bulb sheaths 
takes little time and pays large divi- 
dends in appearance. Carry the clean 
up job on to the containers and the 
growing area. Clean, neat appearing 
plants in a well kept house seldom of- 
fer a haven for insects and fungi and 
are a pleasure to show. No apologies 
are necessary when a good job of grow- 
ing has been done. 

Happy hunting . . . may we find 
lots of bloom spikes. 

Byron Geer 

S.D. County Orchid Society 


This appears to be a very good year 
for camellias even though we have had 
very little rain. The Sasanqua will be 
the first camellia type to bloom, start- 
ing in late October and continuing 
through January. Since the Sasanquas 
are small and open in a mass of flow- 
ers, like azaleas, disbudding is not 
necessary. Because of its open, wil- 
lowy habit plants of this group lend 
themselves to espaliers, ground covers 
or — a new idea — to hanging baskets. 

"Showa-Supreme" is a deep clear 
pink Sasanqua well suited to ground 
cover or hanging basket. "Tanya" is 
a rich rose pink with bushy dark green 
foliage. Because of its compact 


Large Stock of Camellias. We have Lilac "Lavender Lady." 

Since 1924 We Give S&H Green Stamps Phone 295-2808 

1 525 Fort Stockton Drive San Diego 3 



growth it is outstanding for shrubs or 

Continue to disbud the late-bloom- 
ing Japonicas, leaving only one or two 
buds to the stem. Plants should be 
kept moist, clean and free of insects, 
for rewarding results during the bloom- 
ing season. "Grand Slam," a large, 
brilliant red, with heavy, broad close- 
coupled dark green leaves, and "Kick- 
off," a light pink, striped with speck- 
led rose-red, are two outstanding 
camellias of recent introduction. 

A new liquid fertilizer especially de- 
veloped for camellias has been tested 
on thousands of plants for the past 
two seasons with excellent results. 
This 6-10-8 fertilizer has a fish base 
with chelated iron and trace elements. 
The fertilizing program for camellias 
starts in March and continues with 
four feedings equally spaced through 

William T. De France 

San Diego Camellia Society 


This is the time of year when dahlia 
growers start thinking of next year's 
garden. The bloom is gone from this 
year's, but there's work— and fun — 
still to go. 

Fun? Yes, for the dahlia hobbyist 
all the work in his garden is fun. 
The fact that dahlias respond to year- 
around care makes dahlia growing an 
engrossing and interesting year-around 

Right now, there is the question 
about what to do with the tubers still 
in the ground, even though the plants 
still may be green, and may bear a few 
late flowers. 

Mildew is a problem at this time of 
year, and if spraying isn't immediately 
effective, the gardener knows it will 
be better to stop watering the plants 
and let them go into a natural decline. 

It is too late to fertilize, and rather 
futile to spray for insects. It is better 
to let nature take its course, or per- 
haps help matters along to stop the 

Tubers (roots) will keep better if 
they are not dug while the plant is 
green. To hurry up the drying off pro- 
cess, the gardener might go around 
each plant with a spade; push straight 
down and pry-lift ever so lightly. 
This will cut and break all the plant's 
feeder roots and help the clump of 
tubers mature while the plant is dying 

When the leaves and stalk have 


dried or turned brown the stalk should 
be cut six to 10 inches from the 
ground, with the clump staying in the 
ground. After a week, or perhaps two, 
the clump should be cured and ready 
for lifting. 

Unless the gardener has had some 
experience, it is a good idea to save the 
clumps just as they are, turned upside 
down to drain in a paper board box 
and with as much soil as will cling to 
the clump. 

If the clump is large, it might be 
split down the center, and both halves 
properly labeled and stored. For safe 
storage, shredded paper, or peat moss, 
or vermiculite, or even sand, might be 
placed in the box with the clumps to 
keep the moisture in and the drying 
air out. Box and tubers should be 
stored in a cool, dry place, away from 

The digging-and-storing process 
should be put into effect about mid- 
November for best results; the later 
the better. 

The more experienced dahlia en- 
thusiast will prefer to cut the clumps 
into divisions, ready for planting next 
spring, a system he will have learned 
by attending meetings of the dahlia 
society, or by learning from some 
other grower. 

For the average gardener who has 
a few dahlias, or who has used them 
as a border along a wall, the digging 
may be wasted effort. If the soil is 
well-drained, the tubers will keep just 
about as well, if not better, right where 
they are. Just cut the tops back when 
the plants dry. 

In the spring, the sprouts will ap- 
pear, and then the gardener can decide 
whether to dig, separate, and replant, 
or just let the tubers grow. The flowers 
may be a little smaller, but they will 
be as colorful with feeding, watering, 
and spraying, as they would have been 
dug and stored. 

Some gardeners fear that roots left 
in the ground even this late will not 
keep, but experience shows that the 
earlier they are dug, the less chance 
they will keep. 

Examination of roots of plants that 
died back by mid -September or so 
probably will show that the roots aren't 
worth saving anyhow; such early die 
back is an indication of bad tubers, or 

To avoid fretting, the average gar- 
dener might realize that new roots can 
be purchased next spring, possibly 
cheaper than the time and trouble of 
saving them. And fretting takes the 
fun out of gardening. 
Larry Sisk 

S.D. County Dahlia Society 


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Since Autumn in the San Diego area 
often brings the hottest, driest weather 
of the year, it means extra work for the 
fuchsia grower. He must insure ade- 
quate moisture both in the soil and in 
the air around the plants on hot days, 
especially if there are Santa Ana winds! 
At this time the older, tired, 
bloomed-out plants should be prepared 
for their dormant period by gradually 
reducing food and water. Vigorous 
young plants may be groomed for 
many more weeks of bloom by dis- 
creet pruning coupled with proper 
feeding and watering. In warm, pro- 
tected nooks in coastal gardens, fuch- 
sias may bloom all winter. 

Some of the hardier old fuchsia 
varieties such as "Rose of Castile," 
(sometimes called "Minnesota"), 
"Storm King," and "Cardinal" bloom 
at our home near San Francisco the 
year around with very little care. There 
is a large plant of "Gartenmeister Bon- 
stedt," a hybrid of the species Tri- 
phylla in a La Jolla garden that has 
tassels of orange bloom most of the 
time except for the early spring 

Lately, many fuchsia growers, even 
some nurserymen, have complained of 
sudden defoliation. Such plants should 
be checked, with a magnifying glass, 
for thrip, which causes streaks on 
leaves and flowers or red spider which 
will brown the foliage so it drops if 
not caught in time. 

Mild sprays of DDT or Malathion, 
respectively, will control these two 
pests if detected early. Fuchsias may 
defoliate if poisonous chemicals are 
used too strongly, so go easy on the 
sprays. Plants that have become de- 
hydrated or badly run down must be 
watered and fed very sparingly at first 
lest they defoliate or even die. Some 
times if a fuchsia is moved to a radic- 
ally different location the leaves may 
fall. Root virus may also be a cause. 
There are many cases that remain un- 

Advocates of fuchsia pruning in the 
fall are increasing rapidly. They claim 
less die-back, less danger from frost 
damage, more flexibility of blooming 
period, plus the advantage of extra 
cuttings for fall propagation. Prune 
according to growth type, (bush, bas- 
ket, espalier, etc.) always leaving 
enough foliage to insure regrowth. 

Morrison W . Doty 

S.D. Fuchsia Society 








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By the time you read this column 
the low point in Southern California 
rose growing will be over. Our grow- 
ing season is so long that the fresh new 
growth of early Spring gets very tired 
and discouraged by the end of July. 
In spite of everything you can do, 
bushes give the appearance during 
August of ill-fed and ill-clothed chil- 
dren. However, if you have kept up 
your watering, feeding and spraying 
schedule, fresh new Spring-like growth 
is now in evidence. By October and 
until after Thanksgiving you should 
once again agree that roses are the 
most rewarding of garden inhabitants. 
While moderately demanding, nothing 
gives such a constant abundance of 
flowers for home and garden display. 

If any of you are interested in hav- 
ing nice blooms for exhibition either 
at the National meeting of the Ameri- 
can Rose Society in Phoenix or at the 
Rose Hills Thanksgiving Show, you 
must not let down your guard. Keep 
up the feeding, watering, spraying and 
disbudding. Don't let your bushes get 
too tall and rangy. No matter how 
clever you are at dressing your blooms 
it is far better to pick them from the 
bush in near perfect condition. The 
Phoenix meeting is October 22-24 
with headquarters in the Westward Ho 
Hotel. For schedules, write to Mr. 
James O. Long, 6307 Twelfth Place, 
Phoenix, Arizona. Since only rarely is 
a National meeting within driving 
distance of Southern California, I sin- 
cerely hope that many San Diego 
rosarians will attend. Nothing is so 
stimulating to enthusiasm and so in- 
formative as meeting with rosarians 
from all over the country and partici- 
pating in the program itself. 

The Secretary of the American Rose 
Society, Mr. O. Keister Evans will be 
with us in San Diego, probably for 
dinner on Tuesday evening, October 
27. If anyone would like to have din- 
ner with our Society and meet Mr. 
Evans, please get in touch with me. 

Several weeks ago I had occasion to 
travel to Woods Hole, Massachusetts. 
Having lived there during the War, I 
paused one evening beside a simple 
plaque in memory of one of Amer- 
ica's earliest rosarians. It said simply, 
"Near this place lived Michael H. 
Walsh who made the rambler rose 
famous." On three sides of the grassy 
plot surrounding the memorial are ar- 
bors entwined with his famous intro- 
duction Excelsa. It might be interest- 



Corner Magnolia & Prospect in Santee — On Highway 67 

19 years in same location 

Phone: 448-6972 


Roses Blooming In Cans 




winter grasses and weeds 
bothering your dicondra? 




Enide (justsay"N-ide")is the 
remarkably effective new 
weed killer for use on di- 
chondra lawns — made by 
Upjohn, the pharmaceutical 
people. It's so easy to use, too. 
You simply mix with water as 
directed and spray it just 
twice — once in the fall (right 
now) and again in the spring. 
That's all! Then watch the 
weeds disappear. 


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New lawns. You can spray 
Enide directly on newly seeded 
lawns — without harm to the 
dichondra — and kill most 
weeds before they come up ! 

Enide (remember, "N-ide") 
is being featured now at your 
garden supply center. Ask for 
Enide, the weed killer by 
Upjohn. They'll know which 
one you mean. 

*Trademark, The Upjohn brand of diphenamid 

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©1964, The Upjohn Company 


Distributed by ARA-CHEM, INC. 



ing to recount a little of Mr. Walsh's 
work lest we forget how much we owe 
to these famous men of another gen- 

Mr. M. H. Walsh died in Woods 
Hole, Massachusetts, on April 10, 
1922 at the age of 74. He was born 
near Chester, England and came to 
America in 1868 bringing with him 
to Boston as a young man of 20 a 
predisposition toward rose culture. In 
England in those days, boys started 
earning a living early in life and young 
Michael began his garden work at the 
age of eleven. After coming to this 
country he worked briefly in Belmont 
and Brighton but soon undertook his 
intensive life's work toward the pro- 
duction of better climbing roses when 
he was appointed head gardener of 
the extensive estate of Joseph S. Hay 
in Woods Hole. He grew wonderful 
roses under glass for the Hay mansion 
but the enduring, living, blooming 
glowing monuments to Mr. Walsh's 
hybridizing genius are all over Amer- 
ica and Europe in the hardy climbing 
roses he produced. 

With Excelsa taking the place of 
Crimson Rambler; with Hiawatha, 
Paradise, Evangeline and Milky Way 
the "Walsh Quartet" of single loveli- 
ness; with Lady Gay and Mrs. M. H. 
Walsh in dainty double flowers; with 
all this plus vigor and hardiness we 
have reason to remember the quiet 
worker of Woods Hole who never in- 
troduced a rose he did not believe in. 
The "Official List of Roses" lists Mr. 
Walsh as having introduced 42 varie- 
ties. Because of his work the Ameri- 
can Rose Society granted to him its 
highest honor, the Hubbard Gold 
Medal in 1914 and used a colored 
picture of his rose, Excelsa, as the 
frontpiece of the first volume of the 
Annual published in 1916. 

Donald A. Wilson 

President, San Diego 
Rose Society 



Always Quality Stock 

Dolivery Days - Tuesday and Friday 

Phone 282-0031 

4339 Fairmount Ave. San Diego 5 



(formerly MacPherson's) 

Browse around — 

Relax in our FUCHSIA HOUSE — 

Enjoy the hospitality of our COFFEE BAR — 

955 First St. (Hwy. 101) Encinitas 



Like the one from Mrs. Fisher of mile high Denver, Colo. 

This past Spring Mrs. F. heard about COUNTRY SQUIRE 
ROSE FOOD, and was determined to try it. We shipped 
it and hoped it would work as well there as it does for 
San Diego Gardeners. 

Mrs. Fisher wrote to us as the first snows started to hit the 
Rockies, and said, ". . . You would be surprised to hear of all 
the prizes I have won in the Rose Shows. ... I was "King of 
The Show" in the Denver, the Arapahoe County and the Boul- 
der County Rose Shows. In the Boulder Show alone, I had 
Best Grandiflora, Best Three Hybrid Teas, Best group of Three 
Peace, and I won 9 blue ribbons, 1 red, 5 yellow and 1 white 
all out of 21 entries. . . ." 

Congratulations Mrs. Fisher, and thanks for helping us 
prove that COUNTRY SQUIRE ROSE FOOD grows prize 
winning roses. 




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1180 Rosecrans 

San Diego 
phone 224-3209 

Virginia Georgion, Mgr. 






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from all over the world 


for benefits and conventions 


Free demonstrations 


of all kinds 

New Fall Classes 


— Design 

— Water Color 

— Candle Molding 

— S+itchery 

— Plastic and 

Glass Craft 
— Christmas 


For brochure on Fall Classes 
578 West Lewis (Mission Hills) SD 3 
or Call 295-5837 

Walter Andersen 


Nursery Stock and Garden Supplies 
for Beautiful Gardens 

We Specialize in Indoor Plants 

3860 Rosecrans San Diego 10 

Phone 296-6251 


In early and mid-October all of the 
begonias — except the tuberhybrida — • 
are at their loveliest. The tall canes 
and hairy fibrous are dripping with 
bloom and the large leaved rhizomatous 
have huge umbrellas of blossoms 
towering over them. The medium and 
small leaved rhizomatous are big balls 
of various shapes, sizes and sheens 
while the rexes are a fairy carpet of 
color. The entire effect is one of a 
wall of growing, glowing color, never 
being sure where one plant stops and 
another begins. It is their last burst 
of glory before the curtain of fall and 
winter descends. 

With so much loveliness being given 
out by the plants, this is not the time 
to neglect them. Continue the feeding 
that produced such an effect and keep 
up the spraying program that has pro- 
tected them from insects and disease 
as this is the last opportunity for the 
bugs to feast. Be alert to the prob- 
ability of hot weather and drying 
winds that usually arrive at this time. 
Such conditions require more atten- 
tion to see that the plants do not dry 
out — neither should they be drowned 
from over-zealous attention. 

Other than that, during most of 
October, just enjoy your plants. 

Toward the end of October, and on 
into November, you will notice a sub- 
tle change in your garden — some of 
the leaves will turn yellow and fall 
from some of the canes; the bottom 
leaves of the large rhizomatous will 
start to grow downward, as will the 
leaves on the rexes; the flowers will 
fade and dry, and in most instances, 
hang on giving a dusty appearance to 
the leaves where the seed pods have 
spilled their contents on the foliage 
below. This does not mean that the 
plants need more attention in the mat- 
ter of water and food — on the con- 
trary, a bit less of each is in order as 
the plants are preparing to rest for 
the next few months while the days 
are shorter, cooler, and — we hope — 

Margaret M. Lee 
A. D. Robinson 
Begonia Society 

Rose Canter 

Accredited Teacher - Sogetsu-Ryu 

Ask about New Beginner's Class in 


Call 583-7851 














AC 2-1181 I TOM HAM. , 




One block west of the stop light In 

Bromeliads and Orchids 
House Plants a Specialty 


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5029 Newport Ave. 222-0589 
Ocean Beach 

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□ CACTI and 

I have heard it said that 'there is a 
time and place for everything.' And I 
have come to believe this is true of a 
cactus and succulent garden. There is 
a time to plant it and a time to take 
care of it and a time to just sit back 
and enjoy it. 

I am all for working in a garden. I 
can't think of many things I would 
rather do. In fact, what is nicer than 
going out in the cool of the morning, 
and transplanting plants before the 
rays of the sun tell you it is time to 
stop. Or again going out in the eve- 
ning after a hot day, pulling a few 
weeds, pinching off a scraggly growth 
here and there. 

But best of all I think is to just ad- 
mire your garden, and better yet, have 
someone else admire it. Gardens are 
grown for the end result, and some- 
times we tend to forget this when we 
get so busy, caring for it, that we are 
too tired to enjoy it. The same thing 
happens in our hectic everyday living, 
that we are so busy doing we have no 
time to savor what we have done. So 
all the more reason to have a garden 
one can enjoy as a place to relax, rest, 
sip a cup of morning coffee, enjoy a 
cool afternoon drink, and the company 

of friends amid the plants and flowers. 
Let Nature take over. 

Succulents and Cacti gives any gar- 
dener this opportunity. No group of 
plants give so much for so little. Some 
grow fast and some grow slow, but 
to me they seem to require a minimum 
of care, compared to, say, roses. I try 
to group my plants according to their 
requirements to make gardening even 
easier. The shade-loving plants are 
grouped together, under a tree, in the 
shade of the house, as the ones that 
require more frequent watering. The 
sun-loving ones are grown where they 
will get the sun, if not all day, part of 
the day. These plants grow ideally 
among rocks, the rocks giving some 
shade and tending to conserve soil 
moisture. Besides, the gray greens of 
the succulents blend so nicely with the 
grays and tawny shades of the rocks. 

Yes, it is nice to just sit back and 
enjoy one's garden, not only by think- 
ing, there it is all planted. Now, with 
a gravel or small stone mulch, to dis- 
courage weeds, there isn't much to do, 
till they grow so big, I might want to 
divide and transplant them. That will 
take years. But it is also fun to hear 
the comments of friends, when they 
admire the various textures and growth 
characteristics of our highly individual- 
istic succulent and cactus plants. These 
plants with their green tone on tone 
color form a mosaic lovely to view. 

Hmm ... I think I shall have my 
coffe in my garden now. 

Helen Marie Steger 
San Diego Cactus and 
Succulent Society 

SINCE 1888 

Q U O N 



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University of Arizona, led by Dr. 
Stanley Alcorn, a plant pathologist, is 
making studies to try to get an answer 
for the decline of the saguaro plant. 

Just as Californians would deplore 
the possibility of disappearance of its 
beautiful northern redwoods, they hope 
the Arizona scientists will not only find 
the answer, but a cure to save this 
valued plant. 

Southern Californians sympathize 
with their Arizona neighbors who are 
shocked by the possibility that its giant 
cactus is nearing extinction. 

The giant cactus is dying off in the 
Tucson area and Arizona University 
scientists predict that it will be gone, 
particularly from the Saguaro National 
Monument, before the end of this 
century if its present mortality rate 



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Convenient Parking 



House of 'Sin 


As one reaches the summit of Long 
Branch Avenue in Ocean Beach his eyes 
catch a glimpse of a frame house set 
back from the roadway and partly con- 
cealed by a pastoral green umbrella of 
tropical trees and other foliage. Further 
up in the driveway stands an auto- 
mobile. It faces the closed door of a 

Upon entering the driveway one sees 
on the left front a tall silver tree, 
Leucadendron argenteum. It would 
make an ideal picture for a publi- 
cation. Nearby one sees a Eugenia, 
with a 20-foot spread. This, too, part- 
ly hides the house. But there is some- 
thing odd about these trees. They have 
ventilation: windows in the skies. 

Surrounding the house and garden 
are a variety of Cycads, leftovers from 
a former age. Then there is a fish tail 
palm, Caryota ochlandia, a very rare 
specimen. Also nearby is a tropical 
plant from Hawaii and South America 
called Acalypha marginalis. This plant 
is 10 feet tall and 10 feet wide. 

The first flag-stones one sees at the 
front of the premises are misleading. 
The ones that lead to the house extend 
slightly to the right and then abruptly 
to the left. As one walks along these 
he sees a dark red board with white 
letters affixed to the side of the house. 
It is Chinese writing. 

A red rubber mat lies in front of 
the framed windowed door entrance to 
the house. On this mat is inscribed the 
word, SIN. It is not the house of the 
devil. It is the house of "Sin." This 
is an abbreviation of the name Sinjen, 
San Diego's noted landscape designer. 
His initials are "W.J." but everyone 
calls him, Sin. 

To the right of the doorknob and 
just a little above it hangs a cord with 
a ball at the end of it. One just pulls 
it and listens to the sound of the bell 
ringing inside the house. One doesn't 
have to wait long. The door opens. A 
tall, slim Oriental-looking man, with 
sparse hair, stands in the opening. 
After one has announced the reason 
for his visit to this enchanting place, 
the man of the house says, "I am Sin; 
come in." 

Sin sprawls out on the lounge, fid- 
dles with his bare feet, smiles, and 

answers the questions as they begin. 
Sin was born in Schleswig-Holstein, 
Germany. His father had a large es- 
tate, raised stock, Hannoverian horses, 
and was a dealer in cattle and grain. 
Sin was 13 when his father died. It 
was the age that was a turning point 
in Sin's life. His father had planned 
that he become the master of the es- 
tate. But economic conditions pre- 
vented this, so Sin had to learn a trade 
or else a profession. 

Mr. Sinjen said he chose horticul- 
ture as a lifetime pursuit. Before he 
could graduate as a horticulturist, he 
had to work three years without pay, 
but he received room and board while 
learning his profession. "Practice and 
theory go together in Europe," he said. 

The first year he was a helper in a 
flower and vegetable garden. The sec- 
ond year he was promoted to the po- 
sition of semi-boss. As the latter he 
supervised the boss, and had authority 
over the greenhouses and hot-beds. 
"Everything in Europe," he added, 
"is under glass." 

During this time he was taught the 
fundamentals of flower arranging. 
After graduating from horticulture 
and landscape designing, Sin was pro- 
moted to the post of aide to others. 
He had to arise at 6 a.m., have the 
first breakfast at 6:20 a.m., after a few 
chores had been done. Breakfast con- 
sisted of barley grits and milk. A sec- 
ond breakfast at 9 a.m. consisted of 
two slices of bread and meat. 

There was a regular meal at noon- 
time. At 3 p.m. the student-workers 
were given a slice of white bread, a 
piece of coffee cake and a cup of cof- 
fee. Dinner, consisting of barley soup 
and fried potatoes, was served at 6 
p.m. "We then went back to work 
until 9 p.m., making wreaths for 

The wreaths, Sin explained, were 
interwoven with fresh flowers, and 
these were carried by people to church 
and then to the graveyard, where they 
were placed on the graves. 

Later young Sinjen became an as- 
sistant, with a wage of ten dollars a 
month. A relative who was in the 
United States suggested that the young 
designer come to America. Sinjen first 

advertised in the leading horticulture 
journals of continental Europe offering 
his talents. He received many offers 
but in the end he came to the United 

"I came to Long Beach, California, 
and became a grower and salesman for 
the old Miramar Nursery. It is now 
defunct. Here I learned to speak Eng- 
lish," said Mr. Sinjen. 

The German proprietor who hired 
him marveled at Sinjen because he'd 
always do in one day work that was 
supposed to take a week. Mr. Sinjen 
was in Long Beach for many years 
until war came. He served with the 
United States Army for five years in 
the camouflage section. After his dis- 
charge, he settled in San Diego. Here 
he established a reputation, special- 
izing in lacing: opening of the plant 
or tree to create depth in a garden. 

It is a science that you have to have 
a feeling for, Mr. Sinjen says, pointing 
out that he is now booked two months 
in advance on lacing design jobs that 
have to be done. People know what 
they are getting when they call Mr. 

Have You Subscribed? 

California Garden is becoming 
increasingly popular among the garden 
families of Southern California. For 
more than 50 years it has been a must 
in most Orange, Riverside and San 
Diego homes. Its more than 1,200 sub- 
scribers will testify to its authorita- 
tiveness on gardening subjects. 

Recently 200 non-subscribers who 
saw copies of the magazine in public 
libraries or dental offices read it and 
decided to subscribe to it. They, too, 
found it speaks the gardener's lan- 
guage. One of the new subscribers 
lives in a foreign land. 

California Garden is the best and 
biggest two dollars worth of gardening 
interest in the Southern California 
periodical market. Its contributors 
know what they are writing about. 
They are professional people who have 
gardens and love gardening. 

When new readers subscribe to 
California Garden, they are taking 
into their homes a magazine that will 
be an enjoyment to all members of the 
family as well as to friends who stop 
by to talk gardening with them. 

If you are not a subscriber, why not 
become one? If you are a subscriber, 
why not pass along to a relative or 
a close friend a Christmas Gift sub- 
scription to California Garden? 
You'll be glad you did. 



Forest Fires Take Heavy Toll 

State Surveys 

Say Pesticide 

Danger is Past 

Associated Press and Copley News 
Service State Capital reports in a re- 
cent San Diego Union print state that 
California's food supply is safe from 
pesticide dangers. Fruits and vege- 
tables in Southern California retail 
stores are free of the insecticides. The 
reports are based on surveys made by 
Governor Brown's Pesticide Review 
Committee and by the state Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. 

The most extensive report comes 
from the agricultural department. It 
discloses that the department examined 
300 samples of fruits and vegetables 
in 150 retail stores from Santa Bar- 
bara to El Centro and did not find 
a single sample of pesticide residues 
with over-tolerance. This survey cov- 
ered stores in San Diego and Los An- 
geles counties. 

State Agriculture Director Charles 
Paul says 65 kinds of fresh fruits and 
vegetables were checked in the survey. 
This is one phase of a constant sur- 
veillance by the department against 
pesticides. His department exercises 
control over the use of pesticides from 
the manufacturer by registration and 
review of labels by specifying condi- 
tion of application by constant sur- 
veying of produce moving through 
wholesale markets. It also watches 
retailers to be sure that all fruits and 
vegetables offered for sale to Califor- 
nia consumers are wholesome. 

Paul also says that 99 per cent 
of the fruits and vegetables examined 
in nine previous surveys showed they 
were within legal pesticide tolerances. 
The affected one per cent of the fruits 
and vegetables were ordered cleaned 
or destroyed. An initiative which 
sought to prohibit the use of pesti- 
cides in agriculture, as alleged by 
proponents of the measure "as harm- 
ful to the human body," failed to 
qualify for the November 3 ballot. 

The governor's Pesticide Review 
Committee, in its preliminary report, 
the press associations say, called for a 
13-point, $640,000 program stressing 
research as the first step toward pro- 
viding the necessary safeguards against 

One of the most distressing stories 
to read in the daily press at this time 
of the year is the destruction by fire 
of hundreds of acres of California 
woodland. All because someone care- 
lessly threw a lighted match or for- 
got to stamp out a lit cigarette. Or 
was it something else that started it? 

One of the most recent destructive 
fires occurred in Los Padres National 
Forest. It took a force of 730 men 
who were hampered by 1500-foot cliffs 
in virtually inaccessible mountain ter- 
rain to battle this 250-acre blaze north 
of Fillmore in the Sespi Wild Life 

Another recent fire happened on 
Palomar Mountain, about 14 miles 
from the Mt. Palomar Observatory. 
It took 900 men to fight this conflagra- 
tion which was centered in 1440 acres 
near the Cleveland National Forest in 
Riverside County. 

What was so odd about these two 
fires? Neither was caused by a lighted 
match nor a burning cigarette. The 
first was caused by a private airplane 
which crashed and ignited brush, the 
second is said to have been caused by 
tracer bullets fired by hunters. Neither 
could be called careless. 


only YOU can prevent 
forest fires I 





Third Tuesday, 8 p.m., Floral Building, Balboa Park 

Chairman — Mrs. Ralph Canter 
Theme for the Year: "Beauty in Everyday Living" 

Regular Meeting, October 20 

Subject: Ceramic Standards — Beauty in Utility. 
Speaker: Mr. Val Gene Sanders, Studio Potter. 

Regular Meeting, November 17 

Subject: Principles and Materials of Landscape Design, Part II. 

Speaker: Mr. J. J. Kennedy, A.S.L.A. 


Arrangements: Mrs. R. E. Rosenberg 
Ways and Means: Mrs. Roland S. Hoyt 
Reservations: Mrs. Rosalie Garcia 
Hospitality: Mrs. Eugene Cooper 
Hostesses: Mrs. Emmett W. Fowler 
Garden Tours: Miss Alice Greer 
House: Dr. and Mrs. L. N. Hart 
Palomar Dist. Rep.: Mrs. Eugene Cooper 
Telephone: Mrs. J. Terrell Scott 
News Letter: Miss Viola Morgenroth 
Publicity: Mrs. Peg White 
Library: Miss Alice Greer 
Garden Center: Mr. Virgil Schade 
Whaley Rose Garden: Mr. Roy C. Lawton 

County of San Diego, California 


WHEREAS, the San Diego-Imperial Counties Iris Society has booked its 
Regional 15 Flower Show for San Diego in 1966 (the Regions encompassing 
Los Angeles, Ventura, Riverside, Orange, Imperial, San Bernardino and San 
Diego Counties in California and the State of Arizona) ; and 

WHEREAS, in anticipation of this Flower Show, the San Diego-Imperial 
Counties Society would like to have permission to plant blue and white Iris at 
the West entrance of Civic Center (the host club) at 10:00 a.m. on September 
19, 1964, later to be followed by additional plots so that the Civic Center 
grounds may have this large planting of Iris in full bloom as a show piece for 
the 1966 Flower Show; and 

WHEREAS, a substantial segment of the San Diego County flower growing 
industry is set to Iris and thousands of private citizens grow them as fanciers; 

WHEREAS, this planting on September 19 could touch off a sustained 
program for the beautification of Civic Center grounds because planting of Iris 
will replace seasonal annuals, furnish permanent lower maintenance and provide 
a longer blooming period; NOW THEREFORE 

BE IT RESOLVED that permission be granted for the planting and the 
Public Works Department be requested to cooperate in every way through the 
gardening staff to assist and encourage the San Diego-Imperial Counties Iris 
Society to set up this plan. 

PASSED AND ADOPTED by the Board of Supervisors of the County of 
San Diego, State of California, this first day of September, 1964. 

As a result of this resolution being adopted, the San Diego-Imperial Coun- 
ties Iris Society presented the City of San Diego with iris for a large planting 
to beautify the Civic Center. 

On September 19, 1964, a ceremonial planting took place at the West 
entrance with James E. Watkins, President of the Iris Society, and James 
Saraceno, President of the Civic Center Garden Club, presiding and making the 
presentation to the Board of Supervisors. 

^Jke S^an cUJieao 
^Tioral ^J4$5ociatiovi 

San Diego's Oldest 
and Largest Garden Club 

Founded 1907 — Incorporated 1910 



Stanley W. Miller 


Mrs. Ralph Canter 

Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Ralph Rosenberg 

Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Thalia Graham Kelly 


Mrs. J. O. Crocker 


Term 1962-1965 

Major Edward Little 
Mrs. A. G. Wenzel 

Term 1963-1966 

Mrs. J. Terrell Scott 
Mrs. Eugene Cooper 

Term 1964-1967 

Mrs. Emmett Fowler 
Virgil Schade 


Annie Robinson Tedford 
Roland Hoyt 
Chauncy I. Jerabek 
Alice M. Clark 
Alice M. Greer 
Betty Cooper 






San Diego Floral Association 


(Under the sponsorship of 
The Park and Recreation Dept., City of San Diego) 

Third Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
Pres. Mr. Stanley W. Miller 444-8141 
1590 E. Chase Ave., El Cajon 
Flower Arrangers' Guild 
First Thursday. Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. John Casale 465-0997 

9372 Loren Drive. La Mesa 


Alfred D. Robinson Begonia Society 
Third Friday, Homes of Members, 10 a.m. 
President: Mrs. Clayton Lee 296-4845 

3911 St. James PL, S.D. 3 
Rep. Dir.: Mrs. Anuta Lynch 298-1400 
202 Lewis, S.D. 3 

Astro Garden Club 
First Wednesday, Floral Bldg., 8 p.m. 
President: Arnold W. Carroll 276-1579 

1911 Erie St., S.D. 
Rep. Dir.: J. E. Henderson 274-1754 

3503 Yosemite, S.D. 9 

Civic Center Garden Club 
Meets every Thursdiy 12m to 1 p.m. 
Garden House, Grape and 101 Civic Center 
President: James Saraceno 274-2628 

3366 Lloyd St., S.D. 17 
Rep. Betty Elias 415-3385 

8121 Hudson Drive. S.D. 19 

Convair Garden Club 
Second Wed., Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
President: Danny Blum 582-2983 

4730 Baylor Drive. S.D. 15 
Rep. Henry F. Boyd 264-1283 

6581 Broadway, S.D. 14 

Men's Garden Club of San Diego Co. 
Fourth Monday, Floral Bldg., 7:30 p.m. 
President: James A. Kirk 748-3870 

15131 Espola Road, Poway 
Rep. Roy C. Lawton 422-1775 

719 First Avenue, Chula Vista 

Mission Garden Club 
Meets First Monday 8 p.m. 
Barbour Hall, Pershing and University 
Pres.: Dr. R. J. McBride 264-1444 

7878 La Mesa Blvd., La Mesa 
Rep.: Mrs. J. W. Jenkins 296-4756 

1421 Vine Street, San Diego 3 

Organic Gardening Club 
Third Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Kenneth E. Thacker 442-6356 

1635 Grove Road, El Cajon 
Rep. Mrs. Hermine Hilkowitz 296-2282 
1756 Mission Cliffs Dr., S. D. 16 

Point Loma Garden Club 
First Friday, Silver Gate Savings & 
Loan Bldg., Ocean Beach, 10:00 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Clyde Neal 583-2776 

5459 Del Cerro Blvd., S.D. 20 
Rep.: Mrs. Jack White 222-1344 

1019 Cordova. S.D. 7 

San Diego Cactus & Succulent Society 
First Saturday, Floral Building, 2 p.m. 
Pres.: Wm. C. Hoffman 448-0617 

981 Bradley Avenue, El Cajon 
Rep.: Wm. C. Hoffman (above) 

San Diego Camellia Society 
Second Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Althea Hebert 466-3389 

8845 Country Club PL, Spring Valley 
Rep.: Mrs. Lester Crowder 295-5871 

3130 Second St., S.D. 3 

SD-Imperial Counties Iris Society 
Meets 3rd Sunday, Floral Bldg., 2:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Brooks Lawson 745-1720 

P.O. Box 288, Valley Center 
Rep. Mrs. N. R. Carrington 453-3383 
6283 Buisson Street, S.D. 22 

S. D. Chapter Calif. Ass'n Nurserymen 
Fourth Thursday, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Charles Richards 

930 Fifth Ave., Chula Vista 
Rep. John Basner 273-4636 

4731 Conrad Ave., S.D. 17 
San Diego County Dahlia Society 
Fourth Tuesday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Victor Kerley 224-1884 

3765 James St., S.D. 6 
Rep.: Dr. J. W. Troxell 282-9131 

4950 Canterbury Drive, S.D. 16 
San Diego County Orchid Society 
First Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Myron H. Geer 222-2044 

3370 Talbot St., S.D. 6 
Rep. Myron Geer (above) 
San Diego Fuchsia Society 
Second Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
President: Mrs. Walter Bunker 281-5027 

4721 Bancroft, S.D. 
Rep.: Mrs. Mary Bray Watson 
2337 Commonwealth, S.D. 4 284-2669 
San Diego Rose Society 
Third Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Dr. Donald A. Wilson 454-0890 
8355 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla 
Rep.: Mrs. Felix White 264-4440 

5282 Imperial Avenue, S.D. 14 


American Begonia Society 
San Diego Branch 

Fourth Monday, Barbour Hall, University 

& Pershing, 8 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Leah Jones 284-2514 

3734 40th St., S.D. 5 
San Miguel Branch 
First Wednesday, Youth Center 

Lemon Grove, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. J. W. Lowry 463-4762 

7452 Roosevelt, Lemon Grove 
Carlsbad Garden Club 
First Friday, VFW Hall, Carlsbad, 
1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Doris Simpson 729-1515 

1075 Chinquapin Ave., Carlsbad 
Chula Vista Fuchsia Club 
Second Tuesday, Norman Park Recreation 
Center, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. William Hook 422-6322 

133 I, Chula Vista 
Chula Vista Garden Club 

Meets Third Wednesday, 1:30 p.m. 
C. V. Woman's Club Bldg, 357 G St., C.V. 
Pres.: Mrs. Lester J. Efird 479-5379 
P.O. Box, 356, Bonita 
Clairemont Garden Club 
Meets Third Tuesday, 9:30 a.m. 

Place announced at each meeting. 
Pres.: Mrs. R. N. Zeich 276-0551 

4221 Cessna, S.D. 92117 
Coronado Floral Association 
Meets Third Wednesday, 8 p.m. 
Christ Church Parish Hall, Coronado 
Pres.: Comdr. Phillip H. Dennley 

339 B Ave., Coronado 435-3337 
Cross-Town Garden Club 
Third Monday, Barbour Hall, University 
& Pershing, 8 p.m. 
President: Charles Williams 284-2317 
4240 46th, S.D. 15 
Crown Garden Club of Coronado 
Fourth Thursday, Red Cross Bldg., 1113 
Adella Lane, 9:30 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. James P. Coleman 435-8602 
1020 Encino Row, Coronado, Calif. 
Delcadia Garden Club 
First Wednesday, Encinitas Union 

Elementary School, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Edwin C. Pickett 753-3890 
1068 Devonshire, Encinitas 
Dos Valles Garden Club (Pauma Vly.) 
Second Tues., Members Homes, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. J. C. Potter 745-0302 

Valley Center 

Lscondido Garden Club 
Third Fri., Women's Club House, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Leonard H. Cooper 744-0550 
1011 W. Encinitas Rd., San Marcos 
Eva Kenworthy Gray Br. (Begonia) 
2nd Sat., 1:30 p.m., Seacoast Hall, Encinitas 
President: Walter Watchorn 722-3501 
1450 Hunsaker, Oceanside 
Fallbrook Garden Club 
Last Thurs., Fallbrook Woman's Club- 
house, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Elmery Yocubets 728-243: 
1040 N. Orange, Fallbrook 
Grossmont Garden Center 
Second Mon., Grossmont Center, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. L. E. Elson 469-8009 

3451 Calavo Drive, Spring Valley 
Hips and Thorns (Old Fashioned Roses) 
Meets three times yearly. 
Pres.: Roy C. Lawton 422-1775 

719 First Ave., C.V. 
Imperial Beach Garden Club 
3rd Tues., So. Bay Com. Center, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Leonor Gish 424-7 182 

630 Alabama, Imperial Beach 
Lakeside Garden Club 
3rd Mon., Lakeside Farm School, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. W. R. Kuhner 443-3163 

P. O. Box 561, Lakeside 
La Mesa Woman's Club (Garden Sec.) 
Third Thursday, La Mesa Woman's Club, 
1:45 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. J. Holland Noel 463-6795 
8415 Kappa St., La Mesa 
Lemon Grove Woman's Club 
(Garden Section) 
First Tuesday, Lemon Grove Woman's 
Club House, 1 p.m. 
Chairman: Mrs. O. R. Patterson 
8396 Golden, Lemon Grove 466-5242 
National City Garden Club 
Third Wednesday, National City 

Community Bldg., 7:30 p.m. 
President: Henry Dell 284-7346 

4912 Mansfield, S. D. 16 
O. C. It Grow Garden Club 
Second Wednesday, S. Oceanside 

School Auditorium, 7:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. James E. Flynn 722-3509 
1809 So. Home St., Oceanside, Calif. 
Pacific Beach Garden Club 
Meet second Monday, 7:30 p.m. 
Community Club House, Gresham 
and Diamond Sts., Pacific Beach 
Pres.: Mrs. Ethel Hansen 273-3501 

3504 Ethan Allen, S.D. 17 
Poway Valley Garden Club 
Second Wed., 9:30 a.m. Members Homes 
Pres.: Mrs. Wm. C. Crosjean 748-3464 
13821 Savage Way, Poway 
Rancho Santa Fe Garden Club 
Second Tuesday — Club House, 2:00 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Neil J. Randol 756-1603 

Rancho Santa Fe 
San Carlos Garden Club 
Fourth Tues., Homes of Members, 1 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Brandon J. Neal 465-2682 
6702 Jackson Dr., San Diego 19 
San Dieguito Garden Club 
Third Wednesday, Seacoast Savings 
Building, Encinitas, 10 a.m. 
President: Mrs. Waldo Vogt 755-4772 
773 Barbara Ave., Solana Beach 
Santa Maria Valley Garden Club 
Second Monday, Ramona Women's 

Club House, 5th and Main, 10 a.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. Nelson R. Brown 789-1034 
510 Fifth, Ramona 

Springhouse Garden Club 
Third Thursday, Porter Hall, Univ. & 
La Mesa, 7:30 p.m. 
President: Mr. R. M. Frodahl 469-1933 
3852 Avocado, La Mesa 

Vista Garden Club 
First Fri., Vista Rec. Center, 1:30 p.m. 
Pres.: Mrs. James Sorenson 724-1745 
1655 Foothill, Vista 

NOW. . . . ORGANO 


: - ■ : ■■■.-. 1 I ■ :■"""■: 




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